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Pneumonia Center

Pneumonia Treatment

Pneumonia treatment
Pneumonia can be a serious and life threatening illness. However, most people diagnosed with typical pneumonia are treated at home. The two main goals of treatment for pneumonia are to:

  1. cure the infection
  2. prevent complications

Recovery time from a pneumonia infection will depends upon the infecting germ, your general health and how quickly you get medical help. Most people recover completely from pneumonia within a few weeks, although residual coughing can last up to 6-8weeks after the infection has gone. Treatment for pneumonia depends on the type of pneumonia diagnosed and its severity. The main types of treatment include:

  1. Treatment for bacterial pneumonia - Bacterial pneumonia is treated with antibiotics, but varies according to the precise type of bacteria which has caused pneumonia. Some xamples of antibiotics for bacterial pneumonia include:

  • ampicillin-clavulanate
  • cefuroxime
  • erythromycin
  • ofloxacin
  • penicillin
  • trimethoprim-sulfanethoxazole
  1. Treatment for fungal pneumonia – Fungal infections that cause pneumonia are often treated with antibiotics. In addition to these medications, doctors may also suggest bed rest, diet changes, increased fluid intake, therapeutic coughing, breathing exercises, cough suppressants, pain relievers and fever reducers. In severe cases of fungal infection, oxygen therapy and artificial ventilation may be required.

  2. Treatment for viral pneumonia – This type of pneumonia does not respond to antibiotic treatment but usually resolves over time. If the lungs become infected with a secondary bacterial infection after a viral pneumonia infection, docotrs prescribe an appropriate antibiotic to eliminate the bacterial infection.

Prevention
If you are diagnosed with pneumonia, limit contact with family and friends to avoid transmitting the infection to them. Likewise, cover your nose and mouth while coughing or sneezing, and dispose of tissues right away to keep the infection from spreading. Other steps also can help prevent pneumonia, which include:

Don’t smoke - Smoking damages the lungs’ ability to filter and defend against germs.

Hygiene - Wash your hands with soap and water or alcohol-based rubs to kill germs.

Strengthen the immune system - Get plenty of rest and physical activity and follow a healthy diet.

Vaccines
Vaccines help prevent pneumococcal pneumonia but cannot prevent all cases of infection. However, vaccination can lead to milder and less long cases of pneumonia as well as fewer serious complications. The following vaccines are recommended to help protect you against pneumonia.

Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) - The Hib vaccine is a type of bacteria that can cause pneumonia and meningitis and is given to children from 2 month - 5 years old to help prevent these infections..

Influenza vaccine - This vaccine is administered once a year in order to prevent the flu, which can precede cases of pneumonia. Influenza vaccines are usually given in October or November, before peak flu season.

Pneumococcal pneumonia vaccine - This vaccine helps prevent pneumococcal pneumonia and is often good for at least 5 years. This vaccine is often recommended for people aged 65+, people diagnosed with chronic diseases, serious long-term health problems, or weak immune systems, certain Native American populations, and children who are 2 years or younger, between the ages of 2 and 5 diagnosed with a chronic disease or who attend group daycare programs.

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