Ear Infections Center

Ear infection

Ear Infection
What is an ear infection?
An ear infection is medically referred to as "otitis media" of the middle ear, "otitis externa" of the external ear or "otitis interna" of the internal ear. Most often, an ear infection affects the middle ear as the middle space inside the ears becomes clogged with fluid and mucus. This can affect hearing, because sound cannot get through all that fluid or pus. 

Types of ear infection
There are two main types of middle ear infection.  Middle ear infections can resolve relatively quickly (acute), or they can recur or persist over a long time (chronic).

1. Acute otitis media (AOM) is a condition in which parts of the ear are infected and swollen. During an acute ear infection, fluid, mucus or pus are trapped inside the ear and can be painful.

2. Otitis media with effusion (fluid), or OME is a condition in which fluid and mucus stay trapped in the ear after an infection has passed. An ear infection with fluid in the ear makes it harder for the ear to fight new infections and can affect hearing.

More on causes of external, middle or inner ear infection here.

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