Bladder Cancer Center

Bladder Cancer Causes and Risk Factors

What causes bladder cancer?
The exact causes of bladder cancer are unknown. This disease is not contagious meaning no one can "catch" cancer from another person.   Some studies suggest that saccharin, an artificial sweetener, causes bladder cancer in animals. However, research has not conclusively shown this to be true in humans.

Risk factors
For now, there is no certain way to prevent bladder cancer. The best plan is to avoid risk factors whenever that is possible.  But what is a risk factor? A number of different factors can combine and make it more likely that a person will experience bladder cancer. For example, typically affects older adults. Studies have demonstrated that the following risk factors for bladder cancer:

Age – Chances of bladder cancer increase as people get older. People under 40 rarely get this disease.

Chronic bladder inflammation - Chronic or repeated urinary infections or inflammations might increase risk of developing a squamous cell bladder cancer.

Ethnicity – Caucasian people are diagnosed with bladder cancer twice as often as African Americans and Hispanics. The lowest rate of bladder cancer diagnosis is among people of Asian descent.

Gender - Men are 2-3 times more likely than women to develop bladder cancer.

Family history - Changes in certain genes may increase the risk of bladder cancer.People with family members who have been diagnosed with bladder cancer are more likely to also be diagnosed.

Infections - Certain parasitic infections common in tropical areas can increase the risk of bladder cancer.

Medical history - People who have been diagnosed with bladder cancer have an increased chance of experiencing the disease again.

Medications - Treatment with anti-cancer drugs during chemotherapy and radiation therapy increases your risk of bladder cancer. Cyclophosphamide or arsenic also increase the risk of developing cancer of the bladder.

Occupation - Carcinogens in the workplace can make bladder cancer more likely for some people than for others. People working in the metal, rubber, hairdressing, chemical, leather, textile, truck driving and painting industries are at increased risk of developing bladder cancer.

Tobacco - The use of tobacco is a major risk factor of developing bladder cancer. Cigarette smokers are two to three times more likely than nonsmokers to get bladder cancer. Pipe and cigar smokers are also at increased risk.

Can you identify the most common signs and symptoms of bladder cancer? Is blood in the urine serious? To better understand the symptoms and know when you should seek help, continue reading here.  fFr those who suspect bladder cancer, the next section on symptoms outlines the signs and symptoms of bladder cancer here.

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