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Why would a doctor tell you HIV has no symptoms?

Why would a doctor tell you HIV has no symptoms? Don't you think this is dangerous?
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replied June 13th, 2014
Welcome to e health forum.

You have most likely misunderstood your doctors comments. Your doctor might have meant that clinical signs and symptoms cannot be relied upon to make a diagnosis of HIV. Please read the under given explanation.

Once a person, contracts HIV, the signs and symptoms appear with the stage of infection, which directly indicates the rate of replication of the virus in the body. The symptoms can last for any time duration, until the proper treatment is initiated.

Signs and symptoms associated with HIV infection.

Within the first few weeks
When first infected with HIV, you may have no signs or symptoms at all, although you're still able to transmit the virus to others. Many people develop a brief flu-like illness two to four weeks after becoming infected.

Signs and symptoms may include: Fever, Headache, Sore throat, Swollen lymph glands, Rash

You may remain symptom-free for years. But as the virus continues to multiply and destroy immune cells, you may develop mild infections or chronic symptoms such as: Swollen lymph nodes , Diarrhea, Weight loss, Fever, Cough and shortness of breath

If you receive no treatment for your HIV infection, the disease typically progresses to AIDS in about 10 years. By the time AIDS develops, your immune system has been severely damaged, making you susceptible to opportunistic infections — diseases that wouldn't trouble a person with a healthy immune system.

The signs and symptoms of some of these infections may include: Soaking night sweats, Shaking chills or fever higher than 100 F (38 C) for several weeks, Cough and shortness of breath , Chronic diarrhea, Persistent white spots or unusual lesions on your tongue or in your mouth, Headaches , Persistent, unexplained fatigue, Blurred and distorted vision , Weight loss, Skin rashes or bumps.

Hence as explained above, HIV can not be diagnosed based on the signs and symptoms alone, as they are very nonspecific and very confusing. The only way, HIV can be confirmed is by serology testing (HIV ELISA test) after at least 4 weeks after the exposure. In case, it is negative, repeat testing should be done until 12 weeks, to get a conclusive result.

I hope this clears your doubts.
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