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What exactly the herniated disc is?

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There are many different terms used to describe spinal disc pathology and associated pain, are herniated disc, pinched nerve, and bulging disc, slipped or ruptured disc.

You can have a herniated disc in any part of your spine but most herniated discs can affect your lower back or what you called lumbar spine. Some happen in the neck or cervical spine and, more rarely, in the upper back or thoracic spine.
What are the causes of Herniated Discs?

-Wear and tear of the disc- As you age, your discs dry out and aren't as flexible as it is when you’re young.
-Injury to the spine-This may cause tiny tears or cracks in the hard outer layer of the disc. When this happens, the gel inside the disc can be forced out through the tears or cracks in the outer layer of the disc. This causes the disc to bulge, break open, or break into pieces.
The symptoms:
-Pain in buttock and down the leg
-Weakness in the area of the body where the nerve travels
-SCIATICA-the most common symptoms
-If the herniated disc is not pressing on a nerve, you may have a back pain or no pain at all.
If you have weakness or numbness in both legs, along with loss of bladder or bowel control, seek medical care right away. This could be a sign of a rare but serious problem called cauda equine syndrome.

These are just some of the facts concerning herniated discs that you have to beware about.
Your doctor may diagnose a herniated disc by asking questions about your symptoms and examining you. If your symptoms clearly point to a herniated disc, you may not need tests.

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