eHealthPedia >

Uterine Fibroids Treatment

MEDICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA 
Uterine Fibroids Treatment
Uterine Fibroids
Causes and Risk Factors
Symptoms
Diagnosis
Treatment

Uterine fibroid treatments
There are many treatment options for fibroids, but treatment depends on the size and location of the fibroids, as well as your preference and the doctor’s opinion. In fact, if you are diagnosed with uterine fibroids, but show no symptoms, have no problems or are nearing menopause, you may not need any treatment at all. Doctors consider the following when recommending treatment for fibroids:

  • desire to become pregnant
  • symptoms of uterine fibroids
  • the size and number of fibroids
  • the woman’s age

Alternative therapy
Alternative treatments such as certain dietary recommendations, enzymes, hormone creams, homeopathy, stress reduction techniques and herbal preparations may be useful in treating symptoms of uterine fibroids. However, more research is necessary to determine whether these methods can help prevent or treat fibroids.

Medications
Drug therapy may help some women with fibroids to reduce the heavy bleeding and painful periods associated with fibroids. Medications may not prevent the growth of fibroids and many women who start medications may require surgery at a later time. Current drug treatment for fibroids includes:

Birth control pills - Hormonal birth control methods are used to control heavy bleeding and painful periods. However, this treatment may cause fibroids to slightly increase in size.

Gonadotropin (GnRH) agonists –These drugs stop menstrual cycles and can shrink fibroids. GnRH agonists are sometimes used before surgery to reduce the risk of bleeding or are used only for short periods (less than 6 months).

Progestin – This hormone is administered via a intrauterine device (IUD) for women with fibroids that do not distort the inside of the uterus. Progestin reduces heavy and painful bleeding but does not treat the fibroids themselves.

Prevention
Preventing uterine fibroids may not be possible, but only a small percentage of these tumors require treatment.

Surgery
Surgery may be the best form of treatment for women diagnosed with moderate symptoms of fibroids. Different types of surgery currently exist and can be a major or minor procedure. Be sure to talk to your doctor about the possible risks of each procedure and the side effects.

Endometrial ablation - Endometrial ablation uses heat or microwave energy to destroy the lining of the uterus. This procedure is generally suggested to treat women with heavy menstrual periods or who are diagnosed with small fibroids (less than 3 cm). Most women are not able to get pregnant after this procedure.

Hysterectomy - Hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus through a cut in the abdomen or through the vagina, depending on the size of the fibroids. A woman is no longer able to have children after having a hysterectomy. When the uterus is removed with the ovaries and fallopian tubes, it is called a hystero-saplpingo-oophorectomia. Different types of hysterectomies may be suggested if:

  • fibroids are very large
  • other treatments are not possible
  • pain or abnormal bleeding persists

Hysteroscopy - Hysteroscopy can be used to remove fibroids that protrude into the cavity of the uterus. During the procedure, a resectoscope is inserted through a tube to destroy fibroids using either electricity or a laser beam. Although this procedure is not used to remove fibroids deep in the walls of the uterus, it often can control the bleeding these fibroids cause.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) guided ultrasound surgeryDuring this procedure, ultrasound waves are directed at fibroids through the skin with the help of magnetic resonance imaging to destroy them.

Myomectomy - Myomectomy is the surgical removal of fibroids while leaving the uterus in place so that a woman may still be able to have children. Fibroids do not regrow after surgery, but new fibroids may develop. Sometimes, myomectomy causes internal scarring that can lead to infertility. Myomectomy can be performed in a number of ways, depending on the location and size of the fibroids:

  • Laparotomy
  • Laparoscopy
  • Hysteroscopy

Uterine artery embolization (UAE) - During this procedure, a specially trained radiologist blocks the blood vessels to the uterus to stop the blood flow that allows fibroids to grow. Most women will resume regular menstrual periods shortly after the procedure, however, the effect of UAE on future pregnancies is not clear. Women who want to have children may want to consider other forms however, of treatment.

<< 1 2 3 4 5
Tags: alternative treatments, birth control methods, artery embolization, Alternative Therapy, Birth Control Pills, treatment options, menstrual periods, become pregnant, fallopian tubes, before surgery, after surgery, Birth Control, hysterectomy, Infertility, pregnancies, medications, alternative, treatments, myomectomy, ultrasound
Related Topics
uterine fibroids /foul vaginal discharge
PrincesslovesGod  710 views
Endometrosis & Uterine Fibroids?
ASewall  3618 views
Uterine Fibroids
lea34  660 views
Uterine Fibroids and Ovarian Cyst
jason2jr  4381 views