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towel / bed sheet as a media?

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hello all,
I'd like to know whether a towel/bed sheet can be a media of HIV transmission or not?
coz when I visit this sex worker I laid on the bed which I don't know it's dirty or not and I'm naked. I don't know if there's some couple use the bed before and not change the bed sheet.. and I have a skin allergy, so maybe there's some little cuts/rash in my body... is it possible to transmit this way?
and after I clean my body in bathroom, she gave me a towel to dry myself,I don't know whether she already use that towel or not, stupidly I used it to dry my legs... so is there a chance it transmit this way too? assuming she used it to wipe herself first? if she used it maybe it's 3 to 5 minutes after she uses it...
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replied January 29th, 2017

Hello and thank you for posting your medical question on E health forum. ‎

A person who has HIV carries the virus in certain body fluids, including blood, semen, vaginal secretions, and breast milk. The virus can be transmitted only if such HIV-infected fluids enter the bloodstream of another person.

This kind of direct entry can occur
(1) through the linings of the vagina, rectum, mouth, and the opening at the tip of the penis;
(2) through intravenous injection with a syringe; or
(3) through a break in the skin, such as a cut or sore.

Transmission via skin - HIV is transmitted by direct contact with infected bodily fluids including contact with infected blood. In presence of cuts, ‎sores, open wounds, the risk of transmission increases.‎

But HIV can not be transmitted via intact skin with exception of the mucous membranes (around eyes, mouth, genital area, ears, and anus). This is due to the fact that infection occurs only if the virus gains entry in to the tissues and the blood. The intact skin, has a layer of dead cells (keratinised layer), which HIV cannot penetrate. Hence you could hold HIV infected blood in your hand, with intact skin, and it wouldn't be transmitted.

Sharing of bed sheets or clothes, is not associated with the transmission of HIV Infection.

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