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Sinus Infection Treatment

MEDICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA 
Sinus Infection Treatment
Sinus Infection
Causes and Risk Factors
Symptoms
Diagnosis
Treatment

Sinus Infection treatment
After diagnosing sinusitis and identifying a possible cause, your doctor can suggest various treatments. The primary goals of treatment for sinusitis are to:

  • clear up any inflammation and/or infection
  • improve drainage of mucus and reduce swelling in the sinuses
  • prevent the formation of scar tissue, and avoid permanent damage to the tissues lining the nose and sinuses
  • relieve pain and pressure

Medications

Acute sinusitis
Many cases of acute sinusitis will end on their own. If an individual does not feel better after a few days, s/he should contact their doctor again. Only use over-the-counter or prescription decongestant nose drops and sprays for few days. If a person uses these medicines for longer periods, it can lead to even more congestion and swelling of the nasal passages. Doctors may recommend the following for cases of acute sinusitis:

  • antibiotics to control a bacterial infection, if present
  • decongestants to reduce congestion
  • pain relievers to reduce any pain

Chronic sinusitis
Doctors usually find it difficult to treat chronic sinusitis successfully. Doctors may prescribe oral steroids, such as prednisone, for cases of severe chronic sinusitis. Because oral steroids are powerful medicines and can have significant side effects, a person should take them only when other medicines have not worked. Two main forms of treatment are used to treat chronic sinusitis:

  • nasal steroid sprays
  • oral antibiotics (long-term courses)

Prevention
Because the most common cause of sinusitis is allergic or non-allergic rhinitis, the first step in prevention should be seeing a doctor. Defining allergic triggers are important so that they may be avoided when possible. Good medical management can also control the frequency and severity of sinusitis. The trick to preventing a cold from turning into sinusitis is to keep the sinuses as clear as possible. Many doctors also recommend using saline (also known as saltwater) washes or sprays in the nose to help remove thick secretions and allow the sinuses to drain. Here are a few ways to do this.

  • avoid air travel
  • avoid caffeine and alcohol
  • block one nostril while blowing through the other when blowing the nose
  • drink a lot of water
  • stop smoking cigarettes
  • use an oral decongestant for a limited time or a nasal spray decongestant for no more than five days
  • use nasal saline to wash impacted secretions

Sinusitis, asthma and allergies
If a person is diagnosed with an allergic disease along with sinusitis, s/he may also require medicine to control allergies. This may include a nasal steroid spray. The nasal steroid spray reduces the swelling around the sinus passages which can assist with allowing the sinuses to drain. If an individual already has asthma and then get sinusitis, a person's asthma may worsen. It is recommended that a person should stay in close touch with a doctor to modify asthma treatment, if needed.

If a person is diagnosed with allergies, it is recommended that they:

  • avoid contact with things that may trigger allergy attacks
  • get proper medical treatment
  • seek allergy advice to reduce allergen exposure

Surgery
Generally, when medicine fails, surgery may be the only alternative for treating chronic sinusitis. Surgery improves sinus drainage and reduce blockage of the nasal passages. People have fewer symptoms and better quality of life after surgery. However, problems can recur after surgery, sometimes even after a short period of time. In children, surgeons can sometimes eliminate sinus problems by removing adenoids. Adenoids are lymphatic tissues in the back of the throat that can obstruct the nasal-sinus passages.

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Tags: bacterial infection, infection, smoking cigarettes, medical treatment, allergic rhinitis, asthma treatment, allergy advice, better quality, after surgery, prescription, medications, alternative, treatments, Allergies, bacterial, sinusitis, treatment, rhinitis, allowing, symptoms
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