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Premature Ovarian Failure Treatment

MEDICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA 
Premature Ovarian Failure Treatment
Premature Ovarian Failure
Causes and Risk Factors
Symptoms
Diagnosis
Treatment

Premature ovarian failure treatment
At the moment, doctors have not identified treatment for premature ovarian failure (POF) that can make a woman’s ovaries work normally again.  Fruthermore, there is no current treatment that is proven safe and effective in improving fertility for women diagnosed with POF. However, treatments that can help relieve some of the symptoms of premature ovarian failure. At the moment, treatment for premature ovarian failure is usually customized by woman to address the problems that arise from estrogen deficiency. Treatment goals for POF include:

  1. Discovery and treatment of underlying disorder
  2. Hormone replacement
  3. Menses every 1-3 months
  4. Pregnancy

Diet
A balanced and low fat diet can help women diagnosed with premature ovarian failure protect overall health. Women who produce low levels of the hormone estrogen are at an increased risk of developing osteoporosis. These women can maintain strong bones by eating a calcium-rich diet and by taking calcium and vitamin D supplements together. Your doctor may recommend bone density testing before you begin any diet supplements to provide a baseline bone density measurement.

  • calcium and vitamin D supplements
  • calcium rich diet
  • low fat, balance diet

Hormone replacement therapy
Women diagnosed with POF can lead a healthy life with proper hormone replacement therapy and self-care. During hormone replacement therapy (HRT), doctors replace estrogen and other hormones with synthetic variations to start regular periods. Hormone replacement therapy may be taken as a pill, applied to the skin as a gel or a patch, or administered as a vaginal ring.

Doctors often prescribe hormone replacement therapy to relieve some of the symptoms of POF such as hot flashes or vaginal dryness. Restoring estrogen levels also helps prevent other complications of premature ovarian failure, such as osteoporosis. The combination and amount of hormones used in HRT may differ for different women, but most women continue taking hormonal therapy until about the age of 50 or 51 — the average age of natural menopause.

Infertility treatment
Infertility is a common complication of premature ovarian failure. If you are diagnosed with POF, the ovaries aren’t working correctly. Although there's no current treatment that can effectively restore fertility, talk to your doctor about alternative options, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) using donor eggs or adoption.

Donor egg in vitro fertilization - IVF involves removing eggs from a donor and fertilizing them with your partner's sperm in a laboratory. The fertilized egg (embryo) is then placed in your uterus. Doctors also prescribe medications to balances your hormones to support a pregnancy. Once the pregnancy is established, you stop taking the medication and the pregnancy proceeds naturally to the delivery.

However, it is important to keep in mind that between 5 percent and 10 percent of women with premature ovarian failure become pregnant without fertility treatment. 

Lifestyle
At this time, there is no way to prevent premature ovarian failure. But you can take steps to protect your overall health. Women with premature ovarian failure have a higher risk of bone thinning and fractures (osteoporosis), diabetes, and heart disease. Regular exercise, and not smoking can help protect your bones and heart. Activities like yoga or tai chi help build muscle strength and improve flexibility. Talk to your doctor about other steps you can take. To better manage premature ovarian failure:

  • engage in weight-bearing exercise such as walking
  • exercise for 30 minutes per day, 5 days a week
  • increase muscle strength and flexibility
  • stop smoking or don’t start
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Tags: premature ovarian failure, premature, In Vitro Fertilization, fertility treatment, estrogen deficiency, vaginal dryness, become pregnant, taking calcium, Heart Disease, complications, Osteoporosis, balance diet, bone density, Infertility, alternative, medications, medication, treatments, Menopause, treatment
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