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Mumps Treatment

Mumps Treatment
Causes and Risk Factors

Mumps treatment
Treatment for mumps is usually limited to pain relievers and fluid intake. This is because mumps is a viral infection - specific drug therapy is not effective. The illness simply has to run its natural course. Sometimes, bed rest is necessary the first few days. Children should stay out of school until symptoms have subsided. In general treatment for mumps is based on:

  • age, overall health, and medical history
  • expectations for the course of the condition
  • the extent of the condition
  • personal opinion or preference
  • tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies

Doctors recommend people diagnosed with mumps minimize chewing, which is painful. It’s best to limit your diet to broth or soft foods while the illness runs its course. It’s also recommended that you avoid sour foods that initiate saliva production and cause more pain (citrus fruits or juices). It’s also best to drink plenty of fluids such as water, decaffeinated soda drinks and tea to prevent dehydration.

  • avoid citrus foods
  • drink plenty of fluids
  • eat soft foods or broths
  • minimize chewing

Home treatments
If you or your child has been diagnosed with the mumps, time and rest are the best treatments. There's little your doctor can do to speed recovery. But you can take some steps to ease pain and discomfort. Ice or heat packs applied to the neck area and acetaminophen (Tylenol) may help relieve pain that accompanies the mumps. Do not give aspirin to children with a viral illness because of the risk of Reye syndrome. You can also treat symptoms of the mumps at home by following these suggestions:

  • Plan low-key activities.
  • Rest in bed until the fever goes away.
  • Take acetaminophen or a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug to ease symptoms.
  • Try warm salt water gargles to ease symptoms.
  • Use a cold compress to ease the pain of swollen glands.
  • Wear an athletic supporter to ease the pain of tender testicles.

If you have been diagnosed with the mumps, take measures to keep others from becoming infected. Isolate yourself to prevent spreading the disease to others. And consider getting children vaccinated after their first birthday to prevent future outbreaks.

Vaccine - If you do not know if you have been vaccinated or had mumps disease diagnosed by a doctor, vaccination is recommended. The mumps vaccine is usually given as a combined measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) inoculation, which contains the safest and most effective form of each vaccine. Two doses of the MMR vaccine are recommended before a child enters school.

Watchful waiting
If you’ve been diagnosed with the mumps, the most important thing you can do is to watch for complications. It takes about 1 week for the swelling to disappear in each parotid gland, but both glands don't usually swell at the same time. Further, abdominal pain may be a sign of pancreatitis. For boys and men, watch especially for high fever, with pain and swelling of the testicles. In girls and women, abdominal pain may indicate involvement of the ovaries.

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Tags: athletic supporter, anti-inflammatory, abdominal pain, complications, pancreatitis, medications, vaccination, vaccinated, treatments, treatment, infection, tolerance, Recovery, symptoms, infected, swelling, athletic, tylenol, swollen, vaccine
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