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Mumps Symptoms

Mumps Symptoms
Causes and Risk Factors

Symptoms of the mumps
The primary sign of mumps is swollen salivary glands that cause the cheeks to puff out. In fact, the term "mumps" is an old expression for lumps or bumps within the cheeks. However, approximately 1/3 of people infected by the mumps do not experience noticeable salivary gland swelling. And about one in five people infected with the mumps virus experiences no signs or symptoms. When signs and symptoms do develop, they usually appear about two to three weeks after exposure to the virus and may include:

  • breast inflammation
  • face pain
  • fever
  • headache
  • muscle aches
  • loss of appetite
  • ovary inflammation
  • pain with chewing or swallowing
  • sore throat
  • scrotal swelling
  • stiff neck
  • swelling of the parotid glands*
  • swelling of the temples or jaw (temporomandibular area)
  • tiredness and loss of appetite
  • testicle lump
  • testicle pain
  • testicle swelling

Complications of mumps are potentially serious, but rare. These include:

Encephalitis – Mumps can lead to inflammation of the brain, also called encephalitis. Encephalitis can lead to neurological problems and become life-threatening. Although it's serious, encephalitis is a rare complication of mumps.*

Hearing loss - In rare cases, mumps can cause hearing loss in one or both ears. Hear loss caused by mumps is usually permanent.

Meningitis- Meningitis refers to the infection and inflammation of the membranes and fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis can occur if the mumps virus spreads through the bloodstream and infects the central nervous system but is a rare complication of mumps.

Miscarriage - The mumps virus has not been associated with problems during pregnancy. However, women who contract mumps while pregnant, especially in the first trimester, can increase risk of miscarriage.

Orchitis - This inflammatory condition causes swelling of one or both testicles. Orchitis is painful, but it rarely leads to sterility — the inability to father a child.

Pancreatitis –Pancreatitis refers to swelling of the pancreas and is a possible complication of the mumps.

When to seek help
If you suspect that you or your child has developed a case of the mumps, see your doctor. There are other more serious medical conditions whose symptoms could mimic those of the mumps. Or it's possible that signs and symptoms are caused by another more common condition. Call your doctor for an appointment if you or your child has been diagnosed with the mumps and manifests any of the following symptoms:

  • eye redness
  • persistent drowsiness
  • persistent vomiting or abdominal pain
  • severe headache
  • testicle pain or a testicle lump

If any of the following situations occur, seek immediate medical help:

  • convulsions
  • fever lasting more than 4 days
  • painful testicles
  • persistent abdominal pains
  • reddened cheek skin over the parotid glands
  • repeated vomiting
  • stiff neck (can't bend the neck)
  • signs of dehydration
  • swelling of the glands lasting longer than a week

Because the symptoms of the mumps virus can be mistaken for other conditions tonsillitis, mono or cancer of the lymph nodes you need to consult your doctor for an accurate diagnosis. But where does diagnosis begin? And which doctor should you see first? Read here to learn how to diagnose the mumps ito prevent a mumps outbreak.

* The swelling of the parotid gland may be unilateral (first one gland swells and later the other) or bilateral (both swollen at the same time).

* The swelling of the parotid gland may be unilateral (first one gland swells and later the other) or bilateral (both swollen at the same time).

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Tags: First Trimester, abdominal pains, abdominal pain, complications, encephalitis, hearing loss, pancreatitis, lymph nodes, Meningitis, tiredness, diagnosis, Pregnancy, infection, vomiting, infected, Headache, swelling, pregnant, symptoms, absolute
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