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Migraine Symptoms

MEDICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA 
Migraine Symptoms
Migraine headache
Symptoms
Diagnosis
Treatment

Migraine headaches are well known for their symptoms, partially because of the intense pain that is experienced on one or both sides of the head.  But, migraine symptoms other than head pain may be experienced as well.  And typically, a migraine presents some tell tale signs.  We'll examine both the warning signs and migraine symptoms themselves.

Signs of a migraine
Before a migraine, people may experience changes hours or days before the headache itself.  These warning signs are called "prodromes".  People who regularly suffer from migraines can use prodromes to self-assess the likelihood of the onset of a migraine.

  • desire for sweet-tasting foods
  • extra energy
  • irritability or depression
  • sleepiness

Symptoms of a migraine
Different types of migraines produce different types of symptoms.  However, there are still common symptoms for migraines.  Migraine headaches and their symptoms, may last from a few hours to several days.  Whereas some people experience migraines only once a year, others may experience migraines several times a month.  The common symptoms of a migraine include:

  • nausea
  • pulsating or throbbing quality that accompanies the headache
  • sensitivity to light or sound

Classic migraines
A classic migraine headache is accompanied by additional neurological symptoms.  These neurological symptoms precede the migraine headache by approximately 15 to 30 minutes.  They include the experiencing of an 'aura,' such as seeing flashes of lights, seeing crooked lines, having blind spots that spread slowly, feeling sensations such as tingling in a leg or arm, etc.

Common migraines
In contrast to classic migraines, common migraines do not feature such neurological symptoms.  However, common migraine symptoms may include these other symptoms:

  • diarrhea during the headache
  • fluctuations in a person's mood before the headache
  • lack of mental clarity before the headache
  • retention of fluids before the headache
  • sense of being extremely tired before the headache
  • urination increase during the headache

Migraine symptoms for children
Children may experience different symptoms, for example migraines that last for less time.  While adults may experience pain on one or both sides of the head, children usually experience it on both sides.  When a child has all the symptoms of a migraine (sensitivity to light and sound, nausea, vomiting, etc.), but no headache itself, then this may be an 'abdominal migraine.'

When to seek help
If you are experiencing migraine symptoms, you should see your doctor to establish a diagnosis and begin treatment.  However, if you are experiencing a severe headache that accompanies a head injury; or that accompanies numbness, fever, seizures, difficulty in speaking; or a headache with no warning signs and feels severe, seek emergency help immediately, as you may have a headache that is a symptom of a more serious issue.  For more information on how your doctor will make a diagnosis of different types of migraines, read the Diagnosing Migraine section that follows.

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Tags: abdominal migraine, migraine headaches, migraine headache, migraine, sensitivity to light, sensitivity, head injury, Depression, sleepiness, migraines, treatment, Headaches, diagnosis, symptoms, Diarrhea, Headache, vomiting, numbness, tingling, seizures
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