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Laryngitis Treatment

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Laryngitis Treatment
Laryngitis
Causes and Risk Factors
Symptoms
Diagnosis
Treatment

Laryngitis treatment
Laryngitis that is not caused by a serious condition should get better with time. Treatment of viral laryngitis depends on the symptoms present. Depending on the possible cause for laryngitis, specific treatments to control gastroesophageal reflux, bronchitis or smoking may be helpful. Otherwise, doctors recommend simple prevention and home treatments to treat symptoms of an inflamed voice box.

Home treatment
Resting the voice (by not speaking), taking cough suppressants, drinking extra fluids, avoiding cold drinks, and inhaling steam relieve symptoms and help healing. Warm drinks are also recommended as part of home treatment for laryngitis. Whispering, however, may irritate the larynx even more. The following self-care steps may relieve the symptoms of laryngitis and reduce strain on your voice:

Avoid decongestants -These medications can dry out the throat.

Avoid whispering - This puts even more strain on your voice than normal speech does.

Avoid talking too loudly or for too long - If you need to speak before large groups, try to use a microphone or megaphone.

Give your voice a break - Rest your voice when possible and avoid singing.

Inhale steam - Breathe in steam from a bowl of hot water or a hot shower.

Moisten your throat - Suck on lozenges, gargle with salt water or chew a piece of gum.

Use a humidifier- Keep the air throughout your home moist.

Medications
The following medications may be prescribed by your doctor to help treat laryngitis. Most medications aim to treat the underlying cause for inflammation of the voice box.

Acid reflux medications This class of medicines are prescribed if gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is causing laryngitis.

Antibiotics - An antibiotic is prescribed only for infection caused by bacteria. In almost all cases of laryngitis, an antibiotic won't do any good because the cause is viral. But, if you are diagnosed with a bacterial infection (very rare), your doctor may recommend an antibiotic.

Corticosteroids - In some cases, corticosteroids can help reduce vocal cord inflammation. However, this treatment is only used for urgent need (ex. when you need to use your voice to sing/ give a speech /oral presentation, or in some cases when a toddler has laryngitis associated with croup).

H1-receptors inhibitors – This class of medications are prescribed for the treatment of abnormal accumulation of fluid beneath the vocal cords (edema) and are often combined with antibiotics.

Prevention
To prevent cases of laryngitis, try to avoid people who have upper respiratory infections during cold and flu season. Wash your hands regularly. Avoid crowded places. To prevent laryngitis, try not to talk or yell in a way that hurts your voice. A humidifier that puts more water into the air may also help keep your throat from drying out. Also, never smoke and try not to be around people who are smoking. Additionally, to prevent dryness or irritation to your vocal cords:

Avoid clearing your throat Clearing the throat does more harm than good, because it causes an abnormal vibration of the vocal cords and can increase swelling. Clearing your throat also causes more mucus secretion and irritations, making you want to clear your throat again.

Avoid upper respiratory infections - Wash your hands often and avoid contact with people who have upper respiratory infections such as colds. Make sure to get an annual flu shot if your doctor recommends it.

Don't smoke, and avoid second hand smoke - Smoke dries your throat and irritates the vocal cords.

Drink plenty of water - Fluids help keep the mucus in the throat thin and easy to clear. Avoid cold or carbonated drinks because they can create perfect conditions for viral or bacterial infections in the tonsils, pharynx or larynx.

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Tags: gastroesophageal reflux disease, gastroesophageal reflux, bacterial infections, bacterial infection, Cold and Flu, medications, vocal cords, treatments, Bronchitis, antibiotic, infections, bacterial, vibration, treatment, infection, flu shot, drinking, symptoms, bacteria, swelling
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