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Insect bites Treatment

MEDICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA 
Insect bites Treatment
Insect Bites
Causes and Risk Factors
Symptoms
Diagnosis
Treatment

Insect bites treatment
Insect bites and stings are common, and most are considered minor. It is only when the insect is poisonous, carries disease or when a person has an allergic reaction to a bite that the situation becomes an emergency. Even under those conditions, accurate diagnosis and prompt treatment can save lives and prevent permanent tissue damage.

Emergency help
Any systemic reaction experienced by you or another person should be reported to and seen by a doctor immediately; especially if they occur within one minute to one hour of the insect bite. The following symptoms of an allergic reaction due to an insect bite and can be life-threatening.

  • chest pains
  • choking or wheezing
  • difficulty breathing
  • difficulty swallowing
  • dizziness
  • fainting
  • headache
  • if the site is red, tender and swollen
  • light headedness
  • nausea (feeling sick)
  • shock
  • shortness of breath
  • swelling in the face
  • the person has been stung by multiple insects at the same time
  • wheezing

Home treatment
Most insect bites result in small, local reactions whose symptoms are easily treated. In fact, home treatment is the only thing that is required to relieve the symptoms of a mild reaction to common stinging or biting insects. We cover common treatment techniques for non-emergency bites here.

Blisters - Do not burst blisters that are caused by an insect bite, as they can become infected. In fact, blisters cause pain when they rupture and exposure tender skin underneath. If possible, use an adhesive bandage to protect the blistered area.

Generalized urticaria - If you notice small, itchy lumps or lesions on or near the bite site, your doctor may prescribe an oral antihistamine and an oral corticosteroid, such as prednisolone to treat the local area. If symptoms worsen, seek medical help.

Local reactions (large) - Large, local reactions can be treated using a short course of an oral antihistamine and/or oral analgesics. If local swelling is severe, your doctor may prescribe a short course of oral steroids.

Local reactions (small) - Small, local reactions that are confined to the area of the bite can be treated using a cold compress and/or oral NSAIDs, such as aspirin, paracetamol or ibuprofen. Anaesthetic, steroid cream or antihistamine tablets can also help soothe the pain of a bite. Do not apply cream or ointment to broken skin and always follow the instructions on the packet. Although the bite may be itchy, avoid scratching it because you may damage the skin and allow bacteria to get in, leading to infection.

Immunotherapy
Immunotherapy (desensitisation) is a possible treatment option if you are allergic to insect bites or stings. Venom immunotherapy can help prevent systemic reactions in people who are sensitive to insect stings or bites.

Prevention
Insects are the largest population of animals in the world. It is impossible to avoid them completely, but here are some helpful measures:

  • Avoid contact with insect nests and other places where they live
  • Avoid scented soaps, lotions and perfumes that may attract insects
  • Avoid wooded, brushy, and grassy areas
  • Be careful when you eat outside because food attracts insects
  • Don't bother insects
  • Don't leave drinks and garbage cans uncovered
  • Don't wear bright colors, which attract bees
  • Get rid of containers with standing water that give mosquitoes a breeding ground
  • If you know you have severe allergic reactions to insect bites, carry an emergency epinephrine kit
  • Treat camping gear, clothes, and shoes to repels or kill insects
  • Tuck pant legs into socks or shoes
  • Use insect repellents
  • Use window screens and netting Wear clothing with long sleeves and pant legs
  • Wear a hat for extra protection
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Tags: insect bites, insect, bites, adhesive bandage, attract insects, allergic to, paracetamol, dizziness, ibuprofen, treatment, diagnosis, infection, Headache, bacteria, symptoms, adhesive, swelling, allergic, infected, swollen
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