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how hereditary are dermoid cysts? Mom had them...

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Hi. Im 16 and have a couple questions regarding ovarian dermoid cysts. My mom had them in both of her ovaries. Her first ovary was removed before having me and her other ovary was removed shortly after having me because of the dermoids. She had me at 23 years old. Im really concerned because, with my career and educational choice, i may not be ready to have kids until im about 30, but i really want kids. I was wondering how hereditary these are. My great grandpa had one in his spine, his son, my grandpa has had none we know of, and my mom and two of her sisters have had then in both ovaries. I would also like to know necessary measures i should take to detect them early enough and my options for treatment that mostly favor my ability to have children when im ready.

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replied October 11th, 2012
Ovulation and Ovaries Answer A39456
Ovarian dermoid cysts are usually sporadic. Hereditary forms are rare.

You should consider speaking to your GP about a referral to a geneticist. You would first of all speak to a genetics counsellor, who would go through some of the complex issues about genetic testing and this might help to know the type or tumor your family members might have had, and this will help to estimate your risk. Based on that you may be placed under surveillance and regular screening tests. physical examination and or pelvic ultrasounds done regularly can be used to detect the onset of ovarian tumors in women with high risk of developing such tumors.

Other possible options like Oocyte cryopreservation, can also be advised accordingly based on your risk, to help you plan your pregnancy, in case oophorectomy s recommended.

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