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Gastritis Treatment

MEDICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA 
Gastritis Treatment
Gastritis
Causes and Risk Factors
Symptoms
Diagnosis
Treatment

Gastritis treatments
Treatment of gastritis depends on the cause of the problem. Some causes may resolve by themselves over time, or can be relieved by omitting irritating substances such as alcohol, tobacco, and aspirin.In general, the goals of treatment are to relieve symptoms and to eliminate the gastric irritant or other cause.

Diet
Dietary changes are an important element of treatment for gastritis, although the prescribed bland diet of the past is no longer thought necessary.  There is little agreement as to which foods are gastric irritants, but they usually include alcohol, black pepper, chili powder, and caffeinated foods and beverages (coffee, tea, cola). Further modifications to diet may help relieve some symptoms of gastritis. For example, foods which cause distress should be avoided. Avoid any foods found to be irritating, especially those that are spicy, acidic, fried or fatty.

Just as important as what is eaten is the manner in which it’s consumed. In instances of frequent indigestion, eat smaller, more frequent meals to help ease the effects of stomach acid. Eat moderate portions, eat at regular times and relax while eating. Eat and drink in moderation and remember to don't skip meals.

L
ifestyle
Digestive problems occur for many reasons, including lifestyle choices that can be controlled. Limiting or avoiding alcohol, smoking, and NSAIDs such as aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen are helpful changes. Gastritis due to stress is best treated by prevention. To keep the digestive system healthy, doctors usually recommend that patients:

Get plenty of exercise - Aerobic exercise increases breathing and heart rate, and stimulates the activity of intestinal muscles, helping to move food waste through the intestines more quickly. It's best to engage in 30 minutes of aerobic activity most days of the week. Check with a primary doctor before beginning an exercise program.

Maintain a healthy weight - Digestive problems can occur at any weight. But heartburn, bloating and constipation tend to be more common in people who are overweight. Maintaining healthy weight can often help prevent or reduce these symptoms.

Manage stress - Stress increases the risk of heart attack and stroke, suppresses the immune system, and can trigger or aggravate skin problems. It also increases stomach acid production and slows digestion. Because stress is unavoidable for most, the key is to learn to manage it effectively — a task made easier by a nutritious diet, sufficient rest, regular exercise and healthy ways of relaxing. If you have trouble relaxing, meditation, yoga, or tai chi are very beneficial. These disciplines can help focus the mind, calm anxieties and reduce physical tension. In addition, therapeutic massage can loosen taut muscles and further calm frazzled nerves.

Medications
Most gastritis treatment regimens incorporate medications that treat stomach acid in order to reduce signs and symptoms and promote stomach healing. Furthermore, stomach acid will irritate inflamed tissue in the stomach, causing pain and further inflammation. This is why medications that cause gastritis should be discontinued. Antacids or other medications to decrease or neutralize acid in the stomach can eliminate symptoms and promote healing. Possible medications prescribed for the treatment of gastritis include:

Antacids - Over-the-counter antacids in liquid or tablet form are common treatments for mild gastritis. Antacids neutralize stomach acid and can provide fast pain relief.

Acid blockers - When antacids fail to provide relief, medications such as cimetidine, ranitidine, nizatidine or famotidine help reduce the amount of acid the stomach produces.

Medications to shut down acid pumps - Medications known as proton pump inhibitors can reduce acid by blocking the action of the tiny pumps within acid-secreting cells of the stomach. This class of medications includes omeprazole, lansoprazole, rabeprazole, and esomeprazole.

Medications to treat h. pylori – Doctors treat H. pylori infections that cause chronic gastritis with a combination of two antibiotics and a proton pump inhibitor. Sometimes bismuth is added to the mix. The antibiotics help destroy bacteria, and the proton pump inhibitor relieves pain, nausea, inflammation and can increase the antibiotics' effectiveness. To ensure that H. pylori have been eliminated, a test may be conducted after treatment.

Over-the-counter-medications - Over-the-counter medications can cause stomach inflammation and make irritation worse. Switch to pain relievers containing acetaminophen, and follow doctor's recommendations.

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Tags: gastritis, aerobic exercise, aerobic activity, after treatment, Heart Attack, stomach acid, medications, heart rate, infections, treatments, ibuprofen, aggravate, Heartburn, treatment, anxieties, beverages, symptoms, Exercise, addition, bacteria
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