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Diverticulitis Treatment

MEDICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA 
Diverticulitis Treatment
Diverticulitis
Causes and Risk Factors
Symptoms
Diagnosis
Treatment

Diverticulitis treatment
In mild cases of diverticulitis, treatment may be as simple as administering a liquid or low-fiber diet, supplemented with antibiotics. Severe and chronic diverticular disease requires hospitalization and intravenous antibiotics, due to the risks of peritonitis or bowel obstruction. Goals of treatment for diverticulitis aim to:

  1. resolve the infection and inflammation of the diverticula
  2. rest the bowel
  3. restore or maintain regular pattern of elimination
  4. prevent complications

Diet
Fiber is beneficial to colon health in many ways, regulating normal colon function by absorbing moisture and increasing soft, bulky waste that passes more quickly. The doctor may suggest a high-fiber diet to offset or prevent diverticulitis, as well as a possible course of aloe vera supplements. Elements of diet change and suggestions your doctor may make follow:

  • Avoid indigestible food such as corn kernels or seeds.
  • Drink adequate water to prevent constipation.
  • Eat 20-35 grams of fiber from fresh fruit, vegetables and whole grain daily.
  • Exercise at least 30 minutes most days.
  • Use a fiber supplement with psyllium or methylcellulose that is stirred into a glass of water or juice.

Aloe vera - This amazing plant has been found effective in supporting healthy digestive tract function. Aloe produces long-chain sugar molecules called mucilaginous polysaccharides that reduce symptoms of diverticulitis and treat autoimmune diseases, especially in the digestive tract. The polysaccharides are extracted from the aloe plant, and stored in a concentrated powder form.

Home treatments
Doctors may also recommend that you try to treat symptoms of diverticulitis as home. For example, you might find that using a heating pad can help to relieve pain and cramping in the abdomen. Furthermore, relaxation therapies such as meditation and deep breathing may help relieve symptoms associated with inflammation of the diverticula.

Medications
Some medications may be needed to lower the severity of diverticulitis before a person can implement their prevention regimen. Pain medications should not be taken without a doctor’s approval because they can mask new developments in pain levels, including location. Also, pain medications can only be used if other conditions such as appendicitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, peritonitis, spleen rupture and kidney stones have been ruled out. Here is a list of the most common medications and helps a doctor may prescribe:

Antibiotics – Antibiotics are prescribed to kill infecting bacteria that may be caused inflammation or infection.

Acetaminophen – Acetaminophen is recommended for pain relief.

Prescription pain medication – This class of medicines is prescribe for more severe pain, but should be monitored by a doctor.

Prevention
Simple things such as regular exercise, healthy water intake, and a diet high in fiber can go a long way in preventing or alleviating the symptoms of diverticulitis. In severe cases, the doctor will prescribe more detailed treatment.

Surgery
Diverticulitis can lead to medical complications that require surgical repair or removal. There are two types of surgeries performed in these cases, including drainage and/or resection:

Abscess drainage - Complications can arise from the formation of abscesses. Abscesses may need to be drained using a needle and catheter along with a treatment of antibiotics.

Bowel resection with colostomy - Sometimes the colon can become so inflamed that a surgeon will not be able to rejoin the colon and rectum, at least temporarily. The surgeon bypasses the affected area by making an opening in the abdominal wall, connecting the healthy part of the colon to it. The waste collects in an exterior bag, allowing the inflamed part of the colon to heal. Once healed, the colon can be reconnected to the rectum and the colostomy removed. In severe cases a colostomy may be permanent.

Primary bowel resection - When the intestine becomes diseased, parts may need to be removed and the healthy sections reconnected to the colon. This can be done via traditional surgery, or laparoscopic surgery. The choice is determined by the severity of inflammation. Laparoscopic surgery can be performed through three or four minute incisions, where traditional surgery requires one long abdominal incision. Recovery from laparoscopic surgery is faster than with traditional surgery.

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Tags: diverticulitis, aloe vera supplements, laparoscopic surgery, pain medication, abdominal wall, complications, kidney stones, appendicitis, prescription, medications, alleviating, treatments, medication, aloe plant, treatment, infection, abscesses, absorbing, intestine, aloe vera
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