Colorectal surgery saves tens of thousands of lives every year by repairing damages to colon, rectum, and anus. These are the components of our lower digestive tract that plays a critical role in detoxifying our body by excreting the solid wastes.
There can be many and varied types of conditions addressed by colorectal surgery. Some of them are:

Colon cancer
Ulcerative colitis
Crohn’s disease
Inflammatory Bowel Syndrome(IBS)
Diverticular disease
Anal fissure
Bowel incontinence
The boundary of Colorectal surgery also includes hernia operation in the pelvic area and a condition called rectocele.

In a colorectal surgery process, often the surgeon gets assisted by other surgeons (gynecologists and urologists), gastroenterologists, and nurses who are specialists in areas such as stoma therapy, cancer care, and inflammatory bowel disease.

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replied February 21st, 2019
Thank you for sharing information at Ehealth forum!
Surgical advances have enable now to avoid stoma if disease is not extensive or distal.
I hope it helps as well.
Take care

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