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Cataracts Treatment

Cataracts Treatment
Causes and Risk Factors

Cataracts treatment
In the early stages of a cataract, remedies for vision loss include the use of different eyeglasses, a magnifying glass, and stronger lighting. When these measures are no longer helpful, surgery is the only effective treatment available, for most individuals. Usually the decision to remove a cataract is made when visual loss affects everyday activities such as driving, reading, or watching television. You and your doctor can make that decision together.

Regular vision exams will allow you and your doctor to discuss if and when you might need treatment. Specific treatment for cataracts will be determined by your ophthalmologist or optometrist based on:

  • Age, general health, and medical history
  • extent of the disease
  • The probable course of disease progression
  • Your ability to tolerate treatment
  • Your preference

You can try a few simple approaches to deal with symptoms of cataracts. Self-care measures may help for a while, but as the cataract progresses, your vision may deteriorate further. When vision loss starts to interfere with your everyday activities, consider cataract surgery. Until then, here are a few suggestions for how you can improve, protect or manage your vision at home:

Don’t drive at night - Limit night driving or don’t drive at all at night. Sudden changes of the light not only makes the iris contract and blur vision, but the halo effects of the light interfere with vision so that driving at night becomes dangerous.

Eyeglasses - Make sure your eyeglasses or contact lenses are the most accurate prescription possible.

Improve lighting - Improve the lighting in your home with more or brighter lamps, such as lamps that take halogen lights or 100- to 150-watt incandescent bulbs.

Reading - Use a magnifying glass to read.

Stop smoking - Smoking produces free radicals, increasing the risk of cataracts.

Sunglasses - Wear sunglasses outside to reduce glare. Glare from the sun causes the iris to contract and reduce the light that comes through it and can blur your vision, especially if you are diagnosed a nuclear cataract.

Early detection of cataracts can help you take steps to slow or prevent the progression of the eye disorder, so a regular eye exam is key to healthy eyes. If you're over age 65, schedule eye exams at least every other year. While you can’t avoid age-related cataracts altogether, you can take steps to slow or possibly prevent the development of cataracts. These steps include the following suggestions:

Avoid or protect yourself from the sun - Ultraviolet light may contribute to the development of cataracts. Whenever possible, wear sunglasses that block ultraviolet B (UVB) rays when you're outside.

Eat a balanced dietMake sure that you eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. Eating lots of fruits and vegetables may have a modest effect in preventing cataract development.

Manage other health problems - Follow your treatment plan if you have diabetes or other medical conditions. If you have a chronic illness, practice prevention in other areas, such as wearing UVB-blocking sunglasses when outdoors and not smoking.

If an eye doctor diagnoses cataracts, you may not need cataract surgery for several years. In fact, you might never need cataract surgery. However, cataract surgery is one of the most common operations performed in the United States, and one of the safest and most effective. Researchers continue to explore new ways to prevent and treat cataracts, such as developing medications that would reduce or eliminate the need for surgery. But until such treatments are developed, cataract surgery provides the best chance for fully restored vision as long as you have no other eye diseases.

Cataract surgery
Cataract surgery removes the cloudy lens and replaces it with a substitute lens. If cataracts are present in both eyes, surgery is performed on one eye at a time. Cataract surgery is usually performed on an outpatient basis, with local anesthesia. Recovery is fast; people can often resume normal daily activities beginning the evening after a daytime surgery. If you have been diagnosed with other eye conditions that limit vision ( macular degeneration or advanced glaucoma), cataract surgery might not improve vision. Cataracts are generally removed in one of two ways:

Extracapsular surgery – In this procedure the surgeon uses a long incision is on the side of the cornea to remove the center of the lens; the remainder of the lens is then removed by suction.

Phacoemulsification (small incision cataract surgery) – During this procedure, a surgeon uses a small incision on the side of the cornea and inserts a tiny probe that emits ultrasound waves to soften and break up the cloudy center of the lens. The cataract is then removed by suction through the same incision.

After cataract surgery
Sometimes the eye tissue that encloses the IOL becomes cloudy and you may experience blurry vision. This condition is called an after-cataract. An after-cataract can develop months or years after cataract surgery. An after-cataract is treated with a laser. Your doctor uses a laser to make a tiny hole in the eye tissue behind the lens to let light pass through. This outpatient procedure is painless and rarely results in increased eye pressure or other eye problems.

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Tags: cataracts treatment, after cataract surgery, outpatient procedure, cataract surgery, chronic illness, early detection, after cataract, stop smoking, prescription, medications, vision loss, treatments, ultrasound, procedure, treatment, glaucoma, Diabetes, symptoms, Diseases, Recovery
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