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Cataracts Symptoms

MEDICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA 
Cataracts Symptoms
Cataracts
Causes and Risk Factors
Symptoms
Diagnosis
Treatment

Symptoms of cataracts
Cataracts usually develop slowly and do not cause pain. Typically, cataracts do not cause a change in the appearance of the eye. Also, ache, itching, irritation, redness and pain are not signs or symptoms of a cataract, but might indicate another eye disorder.

Initially, cloudiness may affect a small area of the lens (a clear, elliptical structure near the front of each eye) and someone with an early-stage cataract may not notice and loss of vision. Over time, however, the cataract grows larger, and cloudiness covers more of the lens. This distorts the light passing through the lens, and results in blurriness or distortions affecting visual acuity.

Furthermore, people with cataracts may experience light from the sun, lamps or oncoming headlights as uncomfortably bright. Glare and halos around lights can make driving difficult or dangerous. Eyestrain and blinking more often to clear vision may also signal the presence of a cataract. Common signs and symptoms of cataracts include:

  • blurry vision
  • colors that seem faded or yellow
  • double vision in one eye
  • frequent prescription changes in your eye wear
  • halo effect around lights
  • need for brighter light for reading and other activities
  • poor night vision
  • sensitivity to light and glare

Complications
Having a cataract does not endanger the physical health of your eye unless it becomes completely white, a condition known as an overripe (hypermature) cataract. This development can result in inflammation, pain and headache. If a hypermature cataract is associated with inflammation or pain, it must be removed.

When to seek help
If you notice any of the signs or symptoms of a cataract, seek medical help. You should have your eyes examined:

  • Anytime new eye problems develop
  • Every 2-4 years until age 65
  • Every 1-2 years at age 65+ and older
  • Every year if you are diagnosed with diabetes (complete eye exam)
  • If you experience any signs and symptoms of cataracts

It is not possible to predict exactly how fast cataracts may develop. Initially, a person with one or more cataracts may be able to manage visual changes by using stronger lighting and eyeglasses. But if visual impairment begins to affects normal lifestyle, surgery may become necessary. So what type of doctor should you see for vision problems? And what tests can you expect at the doctor’s office? Continue reading for more information about how to diagnose possible cataract here.

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Tags: vision problems, complications, prescription, sensitivity, appearance, symptoms, Diabetes, Headache, surgery, affects, acuity, affect, vision, loss, ache, eyes, sensitivity to light, symptoms of diabetes, new eye surgery, cataract surgery
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