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Can abdominal ultrasound diagnose gerd?

I have severe heartburn all the day and many other symptoms of gerd (like
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replied March 2nd, 2015
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If you have frequent heartburn, you should see your doctor and have a gastroscopy to check no permanent damage has been done to your oesophagus.
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replied May 1st, 2015
Welcome to e health forum.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition in which the stomach contents (food or liquid) leak backwards from the stomach into the esophagus (the tube from the mouth to the stomach). This action can irritate the esophagus, causing heartburn and other symptoms like belching, Nausea, vomiting and Bloating.

The condition is mostly due to weakness of the musculature of the lower end of the food pipe.

In most cases lifestyle and dietary adjustments can help to manage the condition.

First and foremost, you need to avoid foods that make your symptoms increase. Adopting a healthy dietary practices and a good exercise regimen will also help.

Some tips to help your symptoms include:-
1. Reducing intake of hot spicy and Fat rich foods, fried foods, is very important.
2. Try eating a little more slowly. When you eat fast, you swallow extra air with your food. Try to not talk while eating. Extra air while eating can lead to belching and gas production.
3. Eating at the same time each day and eating smaller meals more frequently may be beneficial as well.
4. Try to eat a balanced diet. Foods with high fiber may initially increase gas production. However, the this will decrease over time.
5. It is better not to drink fluids with your food. Drinking fluids with meals can increase your air intake and increase gas.
6. Avoid major gas and acid producing foods like -
- Vegetables: Onions, Celery, Carrots, broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cucumber, Cabbage,Cauliflower, Radishes , potatoes and eggplant.
- Beans, peas, Green salads, brown rice and leeks
- Fruits like - Raisins, Bananas, Apricots, Prunes, dried fruit
- Carbohydrates rich foods like - Bagels, Wheat Germ, Pretzels,puddings, breads.
- Cured meats and high fat meat products such as sausages, salami, ham, bacon, and Red meats like beef and lamb should be reduced in consumption or avoided totally.

In addition - some lifestyle changes that might be helpful
1. Eat meals at least two to three hours before lying down. This will give food time to digest and empty from your stomach, and gives acid levels a chance to decrease before putting your body in a position where heartburn is more likely to occur.

2. Reduce the size of portions at meal times. Try eating 4-5 small meals instead of three large ones.

3. If you are overweight / Obese - Weight reduction would be very helpful.

4. Stop Smoking and avoid alcohol.

5. Elevating the head end of the bed, so that the head and chest are higher than the feet. This will reduce your symptoms of heartburn, when lying down.

6. Drink more water.

Over the counter medications like Antacids and Omeprazole - can help you, when you have symptoms.

In case, all the above measures are being taken, and you have severe symptoms, then you may need to consult with a doctor and seek proper help and prescription medications.
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