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Burns Causes and Risk Factors

MEDICAL ENCYCLOPEDIA 
Burns Causes and Risk Factors
Burns
Causes and Risk Factors
Symptoms
Diagnosis
Burn Treatment

What causes burns?
Skin burns are caused by exposure to thermal (heat), electrical, radiation, or chemical sources. Burns to the airways can be caused by inhaling smoke, steam, superheated air, or toxic fumes, often in a poorly ventilated space. Burns in children are sometimes traced to parental abuse.

Thermal burns occur when hot metals, liquids, steam, or flames touch the skin. Electrical burns occur when the skin is exposed to electrical current. Contact with caustic chemicals causes chemical burns. Finally, prolonged exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays or to other sources of radiation (such as from tanning booths) can also cause burns.

Risk factors
There are certain risk factors that make it more likely that a person is burned. Risk factors for burns include:

Age - Children under 4 who are poorly supervised are at risk of burns. Additionally, children who live with abusive parents are at increased risk of burns.

Drug use - Use of alcohol and illegal drugs increases risk of burns.

Gender - Men are more than twice more likely to suffer burn injuries than women.

Seasonal – Burns occur more often during holidays celebrated with fireworks and school breaks.

Smoking - Careless smoking puts you at risk of burns.

Socio-economic status People living in substandard or older housing, as well as those in low income neighbourhoods are more likely to experience burns.

Sun exposure – Too much exposure to the sun puts you at risk of burn injury.

Unsafe heating practices – Use of heated foods and containers, hot water heaters set above 130 °F, and unsafe storage of flammable or caustic materials put you at higher risk of burns. Also, the use of wood stoves and exposure to heating sources or electrical cords puts you at risk of burns.

Burns occurs when the skin comes into contact with electricity, radiation, chemicals or heat. During a severe burn case, nerve damage and extreme scarring can occur. But how can you be sure that you are experiencing a minor burn, or not? Learn to identify the symptoms of burns by reading about types of burns, including second degree burns here.

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Tags: abusive parents, radiation, symptoms, smoking, abusive, touch, smoke, skin, about children, about smoking, abusive women, smoking women, Skin Health, abuse women, age factors, abusive men, air health, Drug Abuse, air water, age women
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