Abnormal menstruation treatment
Regular periods are a sign of overall good health. But abnormal menstruation may be a sign that something is going wrong. Treating abnormal menstruation depends on the underlying cause and the severity of the condition. This is why it's important to get a correct diagnosis before proceeding with any treatment. We outline the most common reasons for abnormal periods below.
If you have any concerns about your menstrual cycle, discuss them with your doctor first. Early diagnosis and treatment of period problems can help prevent conditions from getting worse.
Amenorrhea / Lack of menstruation - Amenorrhea is the lack of a menstrual period experienced for at least three months. This condition is also defined as lack of menstruation for a girl who is 16 or older. Amenorrhea is a symptom of another condition. Treatment for amenorrhea depends on the underlying cause. Sometimes lifestyle changes can help if weight, stress, or extreme physical activity is causing the lack of bleeding. Other times, medications and oral contraceptives can help.
Dysmenorrhea / Painful menstruation - This condition include painful periods, and severe menstrual cramps. The condition is usually not serious and can sometimes be eased by using heating pads, exercise or taking a warm bath. Over-the-counter pain relievers can also help with the pain caused by menstrual symptoms. Your doctor might recommend birth control pills or a birth control shot to make periods less painful. It is important to report severe cramping and pain or other abnormal symptoms you experience during menstruation to your doctor.
Endometriosis - There are several ways to the treat pain caused by endometriosis (caused by uterine tissues growing outside the uterus), including pain medication, hormone therapy, and surgery. There are also some treatments for infertility associated with endometriosis including in vitro fertilization (IVF), hormone treatments and surgery.
Menorrhagia / Heavy menstruation - Your doctor may recommend that you change lifestyle habits by getting rest, avoiding aspirin, or taking iron supplements regularly if anemia is present. Other drug therapies include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (help reduce menstrual blood loss), oral contraceptives or hormones (help reduce menorrhagia) or changing or stopping medication which might be causing bleeding. Surgical treatment for menorrhagia may be recommended is drug therapy is unsuccessful.
Premature Ovarian Failure (POF) - POF occurs when the ovaries stop functioning normally in women younger than age 40. There is no proven treatment to make a woman's ovaries work normally again. However, estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) gives women the estrogen and other hormones their bodies are not making and can help women have regular periods and lower their risk for osteoporosis.
Premenstrual Syndrome - Diet modifications and exercise can relieve symptoms of PMS, as well as vitamins designed for PMS that contain magnesium, calcium and complete B-complex vitamins. Over-the-Counter progesterone or progesterone therapy cream might also help relieve symptoms relating to PMS.
Uterine Fibroids - Some women diagnosed with fibroids experience heavy menstrual periods, and some may bleed in between periods. Medications can often offer relief from many of the symptoms of fibroids, such as pain, and can even slow or stop their growth. There are also several types of surgery that can remove the fibroids. Women who have uterine fibroids but show no symptoms may not need any treatment.