Living with eye problems can be troublesome. However, basic eye health can be achieved by follow the medications and suggestions offered by your doctor and following some simple guidelines.
Just like the rest of the body, eyes need proper nutrition. Dietary changes, including vitamins and mineral supplements, may help keep eye problems from aggravating or prevent future problems. Research shows that vitamins A, C and E, play an important role in maintaining healthy vision and preventing age-related macular degeneration. Zinc, copper and other antioxidants are also essential in proper nourishment for eyes. These vitamins and minerals are found in many fruits and vegetables and also in specially formulated eye vitamins.
Both of the following methods currently used to treat eye focusing problems have risks and benefits associated with them. Not everyone is suitable or eligible for laser treatment procedures, so be sure to undergo an assessment at a clinic before deciding on either of these treatment options.
Laser in-Situ Keratomileusis uses a laser to reshape the cornea of the eye to correct vision problems such as short-sightedness (myopia), far-sightedness (hyperopia) or astigmatism. LASIK is a main type of excimer laser refractive surgery that does not cut the eye
2. Photorefractive Keratectomy
During PRK, a laser is applied to the surface of the cornea to shaves off tiny parts of the outer cornea. Unlike LASIK, no protective flap is cut in the cornea.
Most eye diseases are irreversible, meaning once they start they cannot be reversed. Although it has been observed that healthy diet, regular exercise and proper rest can prevent many of the eye problems. Inclusion of green vegetables is very helpful in preventing eye diseases. Lately, yoga and various other exercises have been found to help keep the eyes away from common diseases.
Eye protection - Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays can cause irreversible damage to the eyes. While surface damage usually disappears within a few days, the harmful effects of UV radiation can lead to further eye complications.
Lens care: Contact lenses should only be worn for the length of time prescribed by a physician or eye doctor. Prolonged contact lens wear can increase the risk for eye infection and disease. Handle contact lenses with clean hands to prevent residue from gathering on the lens. After removing lenses, always rinse them with a sterile saline solution before storing.
Regular check-ups - Eye doctors recommended that people aged 20 - 39 receive a complete eye exam every two to five years, aged 40 - 64 every two to four years, and 65 or older every one to two years. People at increased risk for eye disease (diabetes or glaucoma,) may need an eye exam more frequently.
Pink eye - bacterial pink eye is treated with an antibiotic liquid, while viral pink eye goes away by itself in due course of time. Allergic types of pink eye are treated with various medications, such as antihistamines, mast cell stabilizers, decongestants, steroids and anti-inflammatory drops.
Dry eyes - Dry eyes are usually treated via artificial tears. However, not everyone may not respond to this treatment. Cyclosporine, restasis and steroid drops may also be prescribed.
Farsightedness, astigmatism, presbyopia and nearsightedness - These diseases can be treated with the application of external lenses, such as eyeglasses and contact lenses. Apart from these, there are various surgeries, such as LASIK, LASEK, photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and conductive keratoplasty (CK).
Diabetic retinopathy - The treatment of diabetic retinopathy requires controlling diabetes with insulin treatment.
Glaucoma - Glaucoma treatment includes eye drops (beta blockers, alpha agonists etc), oral medications (acetazolamide), neroprotective drugs (brimonidine and memantine) and surgeries.
Macular degeneration - Denegeration of the macula is usually irreversible. However, treatment includes the use of large glasses and dietary inclusions (vitamins C and E, beta-carotene, and zinc).