Does having unprotected viginal sex with someone who has HIV positive mean that you are absolutely going to become infected? If no is the answer, what are the chances/percentage/probability to get infected and what are the things that increase the chances to get infected by having unprotected sex ?
The chances of HIV transmission vary with the mode of sexual intercourse. HIV is transmitted only by having multiple sexual encounters with a HIV positive person. The risk of HIV transmission âby a single sexual intercourse is about ââ0.08% (male to female), which is higher from that due to female to male âtransmission (0.04%). â
Yes, contact with sexual fluids due to unprotected sex, does predispose you to risk of âHIV as well as other sexually transmitted infections like Herpes, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, gonorrhea, Chlamydia etc. â
Presence of other STDs, open sores, cuts, ulcers etc also increase the risk of infection via unprotected sexual intercourse.
The risk of transmission is increased by having a risky sexual behavior including:-
â1. Having multiple sexual partners, â
â2. Having intercourse without protectionâ
â3. Use of alcohol and Illegal drugs like methamphetamine, and other âparty drugâ use - can lead to risky sexual âbehavior, due to reduced inhibition.â
â4. Low socio economic status, and psychiatric illnesses - can lead to higher rates of emotional distress, suicide âattempts, substance use, and risky sexual behavior. â
SAFE SEX - The ABC 's to prevent STDs include - â
A - Abstinence (not engaging in sex, or delaying first sex)â
B - Being tested for HIV and Being faithful in marriage and monogamous relationships or reducing the number of âââsexual partners
C - Use a Condom, correctly or consistently, if you are not faithful. â
Abstinence from vaginal, anal, and oral intercourse is the only 100% effective way to prevent HIV and other STDs. âââThe correct and consistent use of male latex condoms can reduce the risk of STD transmission, including HIV âââinfection. However, no protective method is 100% effective, and condom use cannot guarantee absolute âprotection ââagainst any STD. â
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