Usually In conditions like tumors or any painful lesions in the nasopharynx or the throat, which persist for a long time, proper diagnosis usually requires a histopathological examination of the site involved. This is usually obtained via a biopsy.
A biopsy is most often performed in the operating room with the person under general anesthesia. Occasionally, it may be performed in the doctor's office, after a topical anesthetic has been applied. throat and vocal cord biopsies to be performed without using general anesthesia. There are no risks or complications in such a procedure. You wonât feel any pain, you will not gag and you will not even need to have an intravenous line placed inside you and no breathing tubes are necessary. Most importantly, you can get up and going back to work, 5 -10 mins after the procedure.
The biopsy results will either be negative (no cancer) or positive (cancer present). If negative, then the doctor will discuss next steps regarding diagnosis and/or treatment for her non-cancerous condition.
If cancer is present, people also may undergo a computed tomography (CT) scan of the neck and a chest x-ray or CT scan of the chest. A positron emission tomography (PET) scan also may be done. Then the risks and potential benefits of the recommended treatment plan, which may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, and follow-on medications will be discussed.
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