Main symptoms of testicular cancer
In most cases, the first sign of testicular cancer is a change in the size or shape of one or both testicles (testes). Often this change does not cause pain, though pain may or may not be present in cases of testicular cancer. The most common signs and symptoms in the testicles and scrotum are:
Advanced testicular cancer symptoms
Testicular cancer that has spread (metastasized) beyond the testicles to other organs may cause other symptoms. These symptoms frequently depend on the area of the body affected. Symptoms of late stage testicular cancer may include:
If unnoticed or untreated, testicular cancer may spread (metastasize) to other areas of the body. The most common sites where cancer may spread include the:
Symptoms of testicular cancer may occur as a result of a number of different medical conditions. Conditions that manifest symptoms similar to testicular cancer include:
Epididymitis - inflammation and infection of tube behind each testicle that collects sperm (epididymis).
Hydrocele - a painless buildup of fluid around one or both testicles that causes the scrotum or groin area to swell.
Orchitis - inflammation or infection of the testicle caused by a virus or bacteria.
Spermatocele - a sperm-filled cyst in the epididymis
Varicocele - an enlarged, twisted vein in the scrotum that may feel like a “sac full of worms”; the skin of the scrotum may be distended and descended.
When to seek help
Most testicular cancers are discovered by men themselves. Call your doctor as soon as possible if you experience any symptoms of testicular cancer or if you notice anything unusual about the testicles. Men should immediately see a doctor if they notice any of the following symptoms can be caused by cancer or by other conditions:
Testicular cancer is considered one of the most curable forms of cancer. Because the symptoms of testicular cancer can be mistaken for other conditions such as epididymitis or spermatocele you need to consult your doctor for an accurate diagnosis. But where does diagnosis begin? And which doctor should you see first? Read here to learn how to diagnose cancer of the testicles and checking testicular cancer now.
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