Stomach flu treatment
Currently, there is no specific medical treatment for viral gastroenteritis. However, people usually get better without medical attention in 1 to 3 days. Diarrhea and other symptoms usually clear up in 2 to 5 days. But adults may feel somewhat weak and fatigued for about a week. When treating gastroenteritis, the most important thing to do is to rest the stomach and intestines. Hospital care may be needed in cases of severe dehydration.
Allow a sick infant’s, stomach to rest for 15 to 20 minutes after vomiting or a bout of diarrhea. You can then introduce small amounts of liquid. If you're breast-feeding, continue to nurse the baby. If the baby is bottle-fed, offer a small amount of an oral rehydration solution or regular formula. Don't dilute the baby's regular formula.
Additionally, it might be worth your while to check out your baby’s child care center. Make sure the center has separate rooms for food preparation or serving and changing diapers. The room with the diaper-changing table should have a sink and a sanitary method for disposing of diapers.
The most critical goal is to replace lost fluids and salts in a person with an intestinal infection. The following suggestions may help:
Avoid certain foods - Avoid dairy products and sugary products, which can make diarrhea worse. Also, try to avoid caffeine, alcohol, nicotine, and fatty or highly seasoned foods.
Ease back into eating - Stop eating and drinking for a few hours to give the stomach time to adjust to food and beverages. Gradually introduce bland, easy-to-digest foods into the diet. Try soda crackers, toast, gelatin, bananas, rice and chicken. If nausea returns, stop eating.
Suck on ice chips or sip water — Be sure to drink plenty of liquid every day, taking frequent sips. Try drinking clear soda and clear broths. You might also try non-caffeinated sports drinks.
Treatment for gastroenteritis focuses on staying comfortable and preventing dehydration. To do so, try the following:
Get plenty of rest — Nausea, vomiting and dehydration may leave you feeling weak and tired. Be sure to get plenty of rest and take it easy. Children may also be tired and weak from nausea, vomiting and dehydration. Bed rest will help overcome the fatigue.
Rehydrate — Children may need to take an oral rehydration solution in order to replace lost electrolytes. Do not give children apple juice for rehydration because it can make diarrhea worse. Consult a doctor with any questions on using rehydration solutions.
In general, medications should be avoided unless specifically recommended by a doctor. Many gastroenteritis symptoms cause minor pain and discomfort. , It is important to note that antibiotics have no effect on viruses. In fact, antibiotics have no effect on viruses, and overusing them can result in the development of antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria.
Some medications also exist that can ease diarrhea and vomiting. For example, nifuroxazide can help stop excessive passage of water from the bowel to lumen, to effectively stop diarrhea. Oral rehydration fluids or powders can also help relieve symptoms of diarrhea and vomiting.
Avoid the use of ibuprofen as these types of medications can aggravate an upset stomach. Be cautious about taking acetaminophen as it has been linked to liver toxicity, especially in children. Don't give children or teenagers aspirin s aspirin may cause the rare, but potentially fatal disease called Reye's syndrome. Try to avoid giving children over-the-counter anti-diarrheal medications unless advised by your doctor. These preparations can make it harder for a child's body to eliminate the virus.
Although it is not necessary to keep people diagnosed with the stomach flu away from others, try to avoid close contact if possible. Currently, the single, most helpful way to prevent the spread of gastroenteritis is through frequent and thorough hand washing. It is best not to share food, beverages, or eating utensils with someone who has stomach flu. Also, try to avoid contact with the body fluids of an infected person. Follow these simple precautions to prevent the spread of intestinal infections:
Wash your hands thoroughly — Adults and children should always wash their hands thoroughly after using the bathroom. Use warm water and soap to rub hands vigorously for at least 20 seconds. Remember to wash around cuticles, beneath fingernails and in the creases of the hands. After washing, rinse hands thoroughly. Carry pre-moistened towelettes or hand sanitizer for times when soap and water aren't available.
Use separate personal items around your home — Avoid sharing eating utensils, glasses, and plates. Also, use separate bathroom towels.
Keep your distance — Avoid close contact with anyone who has been infected with the virus, whenever possible.
Travel safely - When traveling in other countries, it is easy to become sick from contaminated food or water. The following tips may help reduce your risk:
- Avoid ice cubes that may be made from contaminated water.
- Avoid raw food that has been touched by human hands. This includes peeled fruits, raw vegetables, and salads.
- Avoid undercooked meat and fish.
- Brush your teeth with bottled water to brush your teeth.
- Drink only well-sealed bottled or carbonated water.
There is no vaccine or medicine currently available that prevents viral gastroenteritis. However, a vaccine is being developed to protect infants and young children against severe diarrhea from rotavirus infection.
On the other hand, a vaccine against rotavirus is available in some countries, including the United States. It appears to be effective in preventing severe gastroenteritis symptoms. You may want to ask your doctor for more information and details
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