Hello, Can you tell me if my boyfriends semen results are something to worry about please? We have been trying for a baby for a year and half and nothing is happening. he has had 3 tests and this was the latest one, the first onw Normal forms for 5%. the second 10% and this one 8%. Are the rest of the results ok to get pregnant? i have had blood tests and a scan for poly-cystic ovaries and im all clear. xx
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Sperm count 6ml
Total count 406 million
Normal forms 8% (i think this is too low)
Welcome to ehealthforum,
World Health Organisation (WHO) provides a definition for a 'normal' semen analysis. The semen analysis results depend on each and every parameter that is described. The significance of each parameter and the normal value is as below:
1) The count or the concentration of sperms present in the semen is important as it determines how much of sperms are released in each ejaculation. The concentration of spermatozoa should be at least 20 million per ml. Less counts usually indicate possibility of obstruction or infection. ----- As per your partnerâs results, the counts seems to be normal.
2) The semen at the time of ejaculation is like a thick gel. It has to get liquefied to enable sperms to swim or to be motile. It takes about 20 minutes for normal semen to liquefy. The liquefaction time measures this time needed for semen to liquefy. Abnormally long liquefaction time indicates infection. It should not be more than 60 minutes in any case.------Look out for this parameterâs results in your partnerâs semen analysis results.
3) The volume of the ejaculate tells about how much of semen is present in each ejaculate. The total volume of semen should be at least 2ml (between 1-6.5 ml is considered to be normal). Lesser volume of ejaculate may indicate retrograde ejaculation, partial or incomplete obstruction in seminal vesicles, enlarged prostate gland, presence of varicocele, hydrocele etc. Causes for obstruction in such cases should be looked for and treated soon as it helps to improve fertility levels.----- As per your partnerâs results, the volume seems to be normal.
4) In a normal ejaculate, at least 75% of the spermatozoa should be alive (it is normal to have up to 25% of sperms as dead). Dead sperms could indicate possibility of high acidity or obstruction or infection.----- Look out for this parameterâs results in your partnerâs semen analysis results.
5) In a normal ejaculate, at least 30-40 per cent of the spermatozoa should be in normal shape and form. Abnormal sperms may not be able to swim well or penetrate the egg to fertilize it. ----- As per your partnerâs results, abnormal forms are elevated.
6) In a normal ejaculate, at least 25 per cent of the spermatozoa should be swimming with rapid forward movement. The motility is graded, grade 4 being the highest forward progressive motility and grade 1 being immotile and fail to move sperms. Grade 3 and 4 are considered to be normal to be able to father a child. At least 50 per cent of the spermatozoa should be swimming forward, even if only sluggishly (grade 3-4). The faster they swim up, the sooner they can get out of the acidic environment of vagina to find the egg (the chances of fertilization increase). ----- As per your partnerâs results, this seems to be within normal range.
7) The pH of the semen measures how acidic or alkaline it is. Acidic pH indicates blockage and alkaline pH indicates infection. ----- Look out for this parameterâs results in your partnerâs semen analysis results.
8) Presence of white blood cells in ejaculate is not normal. It indicates infection. The WBC counts in the semen analysis report if high, indicate infection. ----- If found to be high, your partner should visit Urologist/Andrologist at the earliest to get started on appropriate treatment and repeat semen analysis after 15-20 days of completion of treatment.
9) Fructose levels measure the amount of sugar known as fructose in semen. This provides the energy that they need to be motile and swim. Lower values could be due to infection or obstruction.----- Look out for this parameterâs results in your partnerâs semen analysis results.
Have a good diet with foods rich in zinc as it helps in better maturation of healthy eggs and sperms. Hope this helps. Visit your doctor/gynecologist for further assistance. Your partner should consider visiting an Andrologist/urologist for further evaluation and assistance. All the best.
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