From the history provided it seems that you have a high cholesterol level. â
The recommended values for adults in general are as follows: â
â LDL: 70-130 mg/dL (lower numbers are better)- No levels given.â
â HDL: more than 40-60 mg/dL (high numbers are better) - No levels given.â
â Total cholesterol: less than 200 mg/dL (lower numbers are better)- 304 is extremely high for you.â
â Triglycerides: 10-150 mg/dL (lower numbers are better)- No levels given.â
FACTORS THAT CAN AFFECT YOUR CHOLESTEROL LEVELS - include:â
Saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol in the food you eat increase cholesterol levels.
Reducing âthe amount of saturated fat and trans fats and cholesterol in your diet helps lower your blood âcholesterol level.â
In addition to being a risk factor for heart disease, being overweight can also increase your âcholesterol.
Losing weight can help lower your LDL, total cholesterol levels, and triglyceride levels, as âwell as raise your HDL.â
Regular exercise can lower LDL cholesterol and raise HDL cholesterol.
You should try to be âphysically active for 30 minutes on most days.â
AGE AND GENDER:
As we get older, cholesterol levels rise.
Before menopause, women tend to have âlower total cholesterol levels than men of the same age.
After menopause, however, women's LDL âlevels tend to rise.â
HEREDITY: Your genes partly determine how much cholesterol your body makes. High blood cholesterol âcan run in families.â
MEDICAL CONDITIONS: hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid gland), liver disease, and kidney disease, are associated with elevated cholesterol levels in the âblood.
Hhere are a few tips for a diet to lower cholesterol levels. â
A low cholesterol diet is not hard to follow. When you are shopping for such foods, be sure to look at âthe labels and choose those with low cholesterol content. Keep the following in mind:â
â1. Always eat plenty of fruits and vegetables--they are low in calories and fat. Additionally, these âdelicious foods will not raise your cholesterol levels.â
â2. FATS AND OILS: Try to lower your intake of saturated fats, since consuming foods with these fats âcould raise your cholesterol levels and place you at a higher risk of acquiring heart disease. â
When cooking with oils, you should use olive and canola oils, which are particularly high in âmonounsaturated fats or vegetable oil, which is high in polyunsaturated fats. Unlike saturated and trans âfats, unsaturated fats can help lower your cholesterol and keep your heart healthy.â
â3. Breads and Grains: Use whole grain foods instead of foods containing white flour. Recent studies âhave indicated that ingesting high amounts of carbohydrates can also raise cholesterol levels and âincrease your risk of heart disease - especially if you have diabetes.â
â4. Dairy : Use low fat or skim dairy products instead of regular, full-fat ones. You will also find that not only âdoes this decrease your risk for heart disease, but it is also friendly to your waistline as well.
â5. Meats: Cook with lean meats, such as chicken, fish or turkey, instead of red meat. Leaner meats will ânot raise your cholesterol levels as much as red meat. On fattier cuts of meat, make sure that you trim âthe fat off before consuming it.â
In addition to following a low fat diet as described, you need to consult with your doctor, who can examine you and rule out conditions like hypertension, diabetes, etc and also determine the need for prescription medications to reduce your cholesterol levels.
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