First and foremost it is important to know what is your underlying medical condition, for which you are undergoing a nephrectomy (removal of the kidney).
Nephrectomy (kidney removal surgery) is a type of operation in which surgeons remove a diseased or injured kidney.
The long term prognosis after this surgery, usually depends on the reason for the surgery in the first place, and the status of the remaining kidney.
In case the remaining kidney is in good shape, People can function well with just the well functioning single kidney. In a few cases where overall kidney function is not so good, minor dietary restrictions may be recommended.
In rare cases, lifelong dialysis or a kidney transplant may be needed.
Some immediate problems post surgery include bleeding requiring blood transfusion, infection of the wound or lungs, injury to surrounding tissues (i.e. intestines, liver, spleen, pleura), the need for further procedures, blood clots, and the risks of anaesthesia (heart attack, stroke, blood clots, and death). Kidney failure is always a possible outcome, although rare.
Some important facts and details that you need to confirm with your treating doctors include :-
1. Limitations that you might have after discharge from the hospital.
2. Duration of time off work that is needed for recuperation ?
3. Limitations on travel ?
4. Ability to function normally after the procedure ?
5. Further tests or investigations that will be done after the procedure ?
6. Need for routine follow up care.
You might consider consulting your doctor or a Urologist who can give you more information and clear all your doubts.
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