HI , i had umprotected sex and within 72 hours i recieved antiretrovirals just for incase. 3 months after that I went for a HIV test and it was negative. I got tested again ( months after the incedent again and it was negative aswell. Is there any way a blood test could be wrong after 9 months? and can the antiretrovirals influance the test results???
Hi, welcome to the ehealth forum and I am glad to help you.
You seem to be concerned if the HIV testing is not able to detect the infection 9 months after the risk exposure.
No test is 100% sensitive and none is 100% specific either but still in HIV testing when the tests are repeated , sensitivity approaches 100% though actually never reaching 100%. For all practical purposes it seems highly unlikely that you cannot detect HIV infection after 9 months of risk exposure. If a test result is negative at 9 months well beyond the window period of HIV taken to be 3 months, you can, for all practical purposes, say that person is not infected with HIV.
Postexposure prophylaxis with antiretroviral drugs has been shown to lower the risk of seroconversion following occupational exposure to HIV by 81%, but has not yet been evaluated following sexual exposure. Though scientific data are limited, victims of sexual assault should be given the best information available to make an informed decision regarding postexposure prophylaxis. When the choice is made to take medications to prevent HIV infection, treatment should be initiated as soon as possible, but no later than 72 hours following the assault, and should be continued for 28 days.
Hope this helps. Take care.
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