eHealthPedia >

Hiatal Hernia Symptoms

Hiatal Hernia Symptoms
What is a hiatal hernia?

The larger the hernia, the more likely it is to cause symptoms.  The vast majority of hiatal hernias are known as a "sliding hiatal hernia", and most are not associated with symptoms. When sliding hiatal hernias produce symptoms, they almost always mimic those of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or its complications. Additionally, it is known that patients with GERD are much more likely to experience a hiatal hernia than individuals not afflicted by GERD.

Small hiatal hernia
Most small hiatal hernias cause no problems.  In fact, signs and symptoms of a hiatal hernia may imitate those of regular indigestion or digestive problems.  These signs and symptoms of a hernia tend to become worse when you lean forward, strain, lift heavy objects or lie down, and they can also worsen during pregnancy.  Hiatal hernia symptoms may be especially pronounced after a meal.  Symptoms of a hiatal hernia include:

  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Acid reflux
  • A dry cough
  • Bad breath
  • Belching
  • Chest pain
  • Gas
  • Heartburn
  • Nausea

Large hiatal hernia
A hiatal hernia occurs when a portion of the stomach that has been pulled up into the chest above the breathing muscle, or the diaphragm. Normally, the stomach is entirely in the abdomen.  When the stomach is pulled above the diaphragm (which separates the chest from the abdomen), a bit of the stomach is in the chest. Therefore, a hiatal hernia can appear to be entirely normal, in that the tissue looks completely normal.

Sometimes, in rare cases, the part of your stomach that protrudes into your chest cavity may become twisted (strangulated) or have its blood supply cut off, leading to a large hiatal hernia.  Symptoms of a large hiatal hernia include:

  • Belching
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty swallowing, also called "dysphagia"
  • Esophagus obstruction
  • Heartburn
  • Nausea
  • Severe chest pain

When to seek medical help
Many people discover they have hiatal hernias when they see their doctors about heartburn. But if your symptoms are severe, occur often, or are accompanied by coughing, wheezing, asthma, a sore throat, difficulty swallowing or chest pain, talk to your doctor. Call your doctor if symptoms indicate you may have developed a hiatal hernia, if you have a hiatal hernia and symptoms worsen or do not improve with treatment, or if new symptoms develop.  To learn more about how doctors diagnose hiatal hernia pain, read the Diagnosing Hiatal Hernia section that follows.

<< 1 2 3 4 >>
Tags: hernia, gastroesophageal reflux disease, gastroesophageal reflux, difficulty swallowing, complications, sore throat, Pregnancy, dysphagia, Heartburn, treatment, coughing, belching, symptoms, stomach, abdomen, Asthma, muscle, nausea, cough, acid
Related Topics
Treating a hiatal hernia
DoctorQuestion  5590 views
Hiatal hernia during pregnancy
DoctorQuestion  6740 views
Hiatal Hernia
user593260  348 views
Hiatal hernias and acid reflux
DoctorQuestion  4441 views
Hiatal Hernia Pain?
deacon222  23186 views
Hiatal Hernia treatment
laceysmom  4447 views
Reflux / Hiatal Hernia
mjwj1994  2206 views
Abdominal Pain reflux or hiatal hernia?
DoctorQuestion  1069 views
pneumonia after hiatal hernia surgery
mandyleelulu  5884 views
Hiatal Hernia / Vagus Nerve Disorder
victortine  15036 views
hiatal hernia and gluten free diet
Maryjane92  5261 views
Hiatal Hernia
hishealth  9820 views
Hiatal hernia and reflux
Cahiami  2520 views
Pregnancy and hiatal hernias
DoctorQuestion  10933 views
hiatal hernia and pregnant
buttreeflys  1054 views
Ask a Doctor