Most patients with hairy cell leukemia will experience enlargement of the spleen, while some patients will also experience liver enlargement as well. Weight loss is also rather common. Low blood counts and fevers (with or without infection), as well as enlargement of the lymph nodes, may also occur.
There are various theories about how hairy cell leukemia might begin, but it is not possible to determine the cause in any individual patient.
For most patients with this disease, chemotherapy is the standard treatment. In some cases, surgical removal of the spleen may also be considered.
While this form of leukemia can recur, most patients will be able to experience long-term remissions following treatment.
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