An enlarged prostate can cause uncomfortable symptoms that prompt you to see a doctor. Once there the doctor should take the time to perform tests in order to rule out other possible causes before diagnosing you with an enlarged prostate. Mild and moderate urinary symptoms that are caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia can be evaluated and treated by any of the following health professionals. If the symptoms are severe or if surgical treatment is being considered, you may need to see a urologist.
Early detection and treatment of enlarged prostate will reduce the likelihood of complications. During a visit to the doctor's office, your doctor will request a medical history, focusing on the urinary tract and general health issues such as high blood pressure and diabetes.
Several tests help doctors make an enlarged prostate diagnosis and decide whether or not surgery is needed. The tests required to make an enlarged prostate diagnosis vary from patient to patient, but the following are the most common:
Blood tests - prostate specific antigen (PSA) blood tests can rule out cancer as a cause of urinary symptoms.PSA, a protein produced by prostate cells, is frequently present at elevated levels in the blood of men who have prostate cancer.
Cystoscopy - the doctor inserts a small tube through the opening of the urethra in the penis that contains a lens and a light system, which help the doctor see the inside of the urethra and the bladder. This test allows the doctor to determine the size of the prostate gland and identify the location and degree of the obstruction.
Digital rectal exam (DRE) - a doctor will insert a gloved finger into the rectum and feel the part of the prostate next to the rectum. This exam gives the doctor a general idea of the size and condition of the gland.
Imaging tests - a rectal ultrasound may be used to visualize the prostate gland. During this procedure, a probe is inserted into the rectum and directs sound waves at the prostate. The echo patterns of the sound waves form an image of the prostate gland on a display screen.
Urine tests - your doctor may also order a urine flow study during which a man urinates into a special device that measures how quickly the urine is flowing. A reduced flow often suggests an enlarged prostate.
Once you have been diagnosed, it is natural that you will want to know what enlarged prostate cures are out there for you to choose from. It is important to be aware of the choices you have for enlarged prostate cures. It is just as important for you and your doctor to choose the right cure. Incorrect treatment can lead to bigger issues such as prostatis, kidney damage and bladder stones. To learn more about natural treatments for enlarged prostate, read the next section on Treating Enlarged Prostate now.
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