The WBC count is the number of white blood cells in a cubic centimeter of blood. These cells âprevent and fight infections. Normal WBC count is from 4500 to 11000. The 2 main type of âWBCs present in blood in large percentages include neutrophils and lymphocytes.
HIV is diagnosed based on the detection of HIV antigens and antibodies in the blood samples, and not based on the âââââsigns and symptoms that you may be having. â
Diagnosis of HIV is also not based on the basic blood tests - like Complete hemogram (which includes a WBC count, or a differential count).
The progression of HIV in individuals varies. Some people progress in their disease rapidly and âothers don't seem to progress much at all after more than 12 or 13 years. â
In a HIV infected patient, with a strong immune status, the virus remains in a latent state, âreplicating at very low levels, and in such patients the Total WBC count may be normal, but it is ânever HIGH. â
A WBC count hence cannot be used as a reference to whether a person is infected or not.
âScreening with a 4th generation HIV ELISA test, after 4 weeks of exposure, will be the best way to diagnose HIV in any individual, who is suspected of HIV exposure.
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