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Ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that develops outside the womb, usually in one of the fallopian tubes, which is why it is also known as a tubal pregnancy. It happens in about two of every 100 pregnancies. As this pregnancy grows, it causes pain and bleeding and, if not recognized, the tube can rupture, causing internal bleeding (which is a medical emergency and can be fatal). The pregnancy also itself never survives - it cannot be moved to the womb and has to be removed. An ectopic is most commonly found between the fourth and tenth week of pregnancy - usually from weeks five to seven. The most common cause for an ectopic pregnancy to result is when the fallopian tube has been damaged, which causes a blockage or narrowing which prevents the egg from reaching its destination, hence, it implants in the wall of the tube. The symptoms suggestive of Ectopic pregnancy include: one-sided pain in the lower abdomen that is severe and persistent (most common symptom), an intense stabbing pain, collapse, or feeling faint, dizziness, diarrhea, vomiting and/or pain, vaginal bleeding (which can be mistaken for a period, but the blood is usually different from a normal period - often dark and watery), shoulder-tip pain (indicating that internal bleeding is irritating other internal body organs, such as the diaphragm), increasing pain in the lower back, pain when urination and with bowel movements. If you have any of these symptoms, you should visit your doctor/gynecologist at the earliest or visit hospital right away. Further examination and evaluation would be done to confirm if pregnancy is ectopic or intrauterine and the further management would be started to help you and evacuate/remove the pregnancy.
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