From all that I have read the symptoms of each are very different.
Type 1 Diabetes usually develops due to an autoimmune disorder. This is when the body's immune system behaves inappropriately and starts seeing one of it's own tissues as foreign. In the case of Type 1 Diabetes, the islet cells of the pancreas that produce insulin are seen as the "enemy" by mistake. The body then creates antibodies to fight the "foreign" tissue and destroys the islet cells ability to produce insulin. The lack of sufficient insulin thereby results in diabetes. It is unknown why this autoimmune diabetes develops. Most often it is a genetic tendency. Sometimes it follows a viral infection such as mumps, rubella, cytomegalovirus, measles, influenza, encephalitis, polio or Epstein-Barr virus. Certain people are more genetically prone to this happening although why this occurs is not know. Thus, two people may be infected with the same virus and only one of them who is genetically prone will go on to develop diabetes. Other less common ( very rare) causes of Type 1 Diabetes include injury to the pancreas from toxins, trauma, or after the surgical removal of the majority (or all) of the pancreas.
Type 1 diabetes symptoms may seem harmless at first. Look for:
* Increased thirst and frequent urination. As excess sugar builds up in your bloodstream, fluid is pulled from your tissues. This may leave you thirsty. As a result, you may drink â and urinate â more than usual.
* Extreme hunger. Without enough insulin to move sugar into your cells, your muscles and organs become depleted of energy. This triggers intense hunger that may persist even after you eat. Without insulin, the sugar in your food never reaches your energy-starved tissues.
* Weight loss. Despite eating more than usual to relieve hunger, you may lose weight â sometimes rapidly. Without the energy sugar supplies, your muscle tissues and fat stores may simply shrink.
* Fatigue. If your cells are deprived of sugar, you may become tired and irritable.
* Blurred vision. If your blood sugar level is too high, fluid may be pulled from your tissues â including the lenses of your eyes. This may affect your ability to focus clearly.
As the infection progresses, people with HIV grow increasingly susceptible to illnesses and infection that don't normally affect the healthy population. Even though many of these illnesses can easily be treated, those with HIV often have such weakened immune systems that typical cures fail.
Without treatment, people infected with HIV can expect to develop AIDS eight to ten years after HIV infection. Taking HIV medications, however, can slow down this progression. With treatment, it can take ten to 15 years or more before you develop AIDS. In the later stages of HIV, before it progresses to full blown AIDS, signs of HIV infection can involve more severe symptoms. These include:
* chronic yeast infections or thrush (yeast infection of the mouth)
* Fever and/or night sweats
* Easy bruising
* Bouts of extreme exhaustion
* Unexplained body rashes
* Appearance of purplish lesions on the skin or inside mouth
* Sudden unexplained weight loss
* Chronic diarrhea lasting for a month or more
To be diagnosed with AIDS, your T4 cell count must drop to below 200 per cubic millimeter (in healthy adults, a T4 cell count of 1,000 or more per millimeter is normal) or be infected with an opportunistic infection. Opportunistic infections are so named because they take advantage of your weakened immune system. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention maintains a list of those illnesses that are deemed to be opportunistic infections and lead to an AIDS diagnosis. This list includes, but is not limited to:
* Kaposi's Sarcoma
* Pulmonary tuberculosis
* Candidiasis of the esophagus, trachea, bronchi or lungs
* Toxoplasmosis of the brain
* Severe bacterial infections
* Invasive cervical cancer
* Recurrent pneumonia
Additionally, vision loss, nerve damage and brain impairment can also occur. Signs of brain deterioration include troubles thinking, loss of co-ordination and balance and behavioral changes.
While there are treatments to help prolong the life of those infected with the AIDS virus, there is currently no AIDS cure. The best way to protect yourself is by taking preventative measures.
So, to make a long answer short,the symptoms are very different.
i was a type 1 diabetic for 30 yrs when i recieved the diagnosis of hiv. the symptoms are different, but they both seem to cause some of the same problems in long term. both however can be managed. the treatment of diabetes and hiv have expanded and come so far in the past 30 yrs. it is a challenge to live with either or any chronic disease, but it can be done. i found it difficult to tell whether it was the diabetes ir the hiv that was reaping such havoc. speaking from experience. hope this somehow answers your question. though symptoms are different, they can cause some of the same problems.