What causes chlamydia?
Chlamydia trachomatis, a type of bacteria or germ, causes the genital infection chlamydia. A variety of this germ also causes another sexually transmitted disease called lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV). However, it should be noted that the bacteria that causes chlamydia is different from the airborne bacterium chlamydophila pneumoniae which causes respiratory infections, including pneumonia.
Some factors might contribute to the development of chlamydia. For example, a person has a higher-than-average risk of developing this STD if s/he is sexually active. The greater the number of sex partners, the greater the risk of infection. Other factors that contribute to the development of chlamydia include:
Age - Being under age 25 puts you at greater risk of developing chlamydia.
Birth control – Women using an intrauterine device (IUD) are at greater risk of getting chlamydia than those who do not. You are also more likely to get chlamydia if you're taking the contraceptive pill.
Gender - The cervix of teenage girls and young women is not fully matured and is probably more susceptible to sexually transmitted infection. These women are at particularly high risk for infection if sexually active.
Hygiene – Douching increases risk of chlamydia.
Medical history – Men or women with previous episodes of STDs are more likely to be diagnosed with chlamydia than those without. Additionally, women diagnosed with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) are more likely to contract chlamydia.
Sexual practices – People with multiple sex partners are at greater risk of contracting chlamydia. People who practice unprotected sex are also at higher risk of chlamydia. Since chlamydia can be transmitted by oral or anal sex, men who have sex with men are also at risk for chlamydia infections.
Chlamydia is sometimes called the "silent disease" because you can be diagnosed with an infection without knowing it. In fact, over half of all cases of chlamydia do not manifest any obvious signs of infection. So what symptoms should you look for when considering chlamydia? Continue reading here for more information about symptoms of std chlamydia.
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