Presence of blood (RBCs) in the urine is known as, “Hematuria”. It is a common problem. But it may be present as a symptom of some serious disease. Its occurrence is more in women than in men. Older people especially male are more often gets affected.
Gross hematuria- when blood in urine is visible to naked eyes it is called as gross hematuria.
Microscopic hematuria- when blood in urine is visible only on microscopic study it is called as microscopic hematuria.
Recurrent urinary tract infection
Urinary tract calculi (stone)
Benign prostate hyperplasia
Trauma to urinary system
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
Tumors of renal system
Medicines which affects blood clotting process (aspirin, warfarin, etc.)
Hematological disorders (clotting disorders)
Chronic diseases like, diabetes, hypertension, sickle cell anemia, etc.
Signs and symptoms-
Blood in urine is itself a symptom.
If gross hematuria is present then, urine appears pink- dark reddish in color.
Blood clots may be present
Fever is present mostly accompanied by chills if it is associated with infection
Painful micturition in case of renal calculi and trauma
Most of the symptoms are associated with underlying cause of the disease.
Mostly diagnosis is made on the basis of medical history of the patient and following investigations.
Urine analysis- it gives you percentage of RBCs present
Blood tests like serum creatinine, BUN, etc. this will help to confirm any renal disease.
Ultrasound of urinary tract- helps to rule out presence of renal calculi, benign prostate hyperplasia, etc.
X-ray - to rule out presence of renal stones
CT scan- this is more precise and gives idea about any stone, malignancy, etc.
Biopsy - it can be done in older patient to exclude carcinoma.
If prolonged and severe hematuria is present it can lead to anemia which may become fatal.
Hematuria may become serious if not treated properly. It can be correlated with Adhoga raktapitta of Ayurveda.
Ayurveda says that, it is a disorder of vitiated pitta and rakta which causes blood in urine.
Ayurvedic medicines give immediate relief from the symptoms like bleeding, burning sensation, etc.
Ayurvedic medicines aim at stabilizing doshas and preventing bleeding.
Ayurveda helps to avoid complications due to prolonged bleeding
Ayurveda offers guidance about diet. Person must follow these guidelines to avoid pitta and rakta dosha aggravation in order to get relief from hematuria.
Ayurveda believes that every individual is a unique. His uniqueness is due to his prakruti (constitution). Prakruti decides your physical as well as psychological characters; it gives idea about your disease tendency. Prakruti parikshan can offer you prevention from such diseases. By knowing your prakruti you have to maintain certain diet as well as lifestyle for healthy life.