I have a 38 year old son who just got the following test results.
My liver alt level is 140 and should be below 45
My liver ast is 89 and should be under 36
My triglycerides are 278 and should be below 166
His GP puts him on a fat free diet and says come back in 3 months. He had a severe weight loss problem about 18 month ago and they never found out the reason. I\'m telling him he needs to see a specialist for his liver problems. What do you thnk?
Hello and thank you for posting your medical question on E health forum.
AST (SGOT) and ALT (SGPT) are sensitive indicators of liver damage or injury from different types of disease.
ALT (also called alanine aminotransferase or SGPT) is found in the liver only. The normal range of ALT levels is between 5 IU/L to 60 IU/L High levels of ALT is an indication of liver inflammation and/or damage.
AST (aspartate aminotransferase) is an enzyme found in high amounts in heart muscle and liver and skeletal muscle cells. It is also found in lesser amounts in other tissues.
The normal range is 10 to 34 IU/L.
From the history provided it seems that AST and ALT levels are mildly elevated in your son. But it must be emphasized that higher-than-normal levels of these liver enzymes should not be automatically equated with liver disease. They may mean liver problems or they may not. For example, elevations of these enzymes can occur with muscle damage.
The interpretation of elevated AST and ALT levels depends upon the entire clinical evaluation of an individual.
In case your son does not have any clinical symptoms and issues, then the changes are very benign and you need not be concerned about the mild elevations.
Monitoring for a few months and lifestyle and dietary changes might help to resolve the changes within a month or two.
In case additional testing with ultrasound and repeat testing should still higher liver enzyme values, then a consultation with a liver specialist might be helpful.
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